Compost of Aquatic Weed Myriophyllum spicatum as Low-Cost Biosorbent for Selected Heavy Metal Ions
Aquatic weed Myriophyllum spicatum L. is one of the most invasive water plants known. In many countries, it is usually harvested and landfilled, where aerobic and anaerobic decomposition takes place. In this research, the kinetic, equilibrium, and desorption studies of biosorption of Pb(II), Cu(II), Cd(II), Ni(II), and Zn(II) ions onto compost of M. spicatum were investigated in batch experiments. Biosorbent was characterized by scaning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). SEM analysis showed that ion exchange between divalent cations Ca(II) and selected metals takes place. The results of FTIR exposed that carbonyl, carboxyl, hydroxyl, and phenyl groups are main binding sites for those heavy metal ions. The rate of adsorption of the five heavy metals was fast, which achieved equilibrium in 40 min, and followed the pseudo-second-order model well. Langmuir, Freundlich, and Sips equilibrium adsorption models were studied, and Sips isotherm gave the best fit for experimental data. Desorption by 0.1 M HNO3 did not fully recover the metals sorbed onto the compost, indicating that reusing this material as biosorbent is not possible. Furthermore, the use of spent biosorbent as a soil fertilizer is proposed.
KeywordsCompetitive biosorption Waste biomass Isotherm Kinetics Desorption
This work is a part of the project Technological Development 31003: “Development of technologies and products based on mineral raw materials and waste biomass for protection of natural resources for safe food production” which is supported by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia.
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