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TiO2-Mediated Photodegradation of Aqueous Trinitrophenol Irradiated by an Artificial Light Source

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Abstract

TiO2-mediated photodegradation is widely reported to degrade recalcitrant pollutants such as nitrophenolics. This paper investigated the TiO2-mediated photodegradation of trinitrophenol (TNP) in aqueous solution irradiated by an artificial light source. About 28.4 % TNP degradation was attained over 450 min from an initial TNP concentration of 1,000 mg L−1. Ionic chromatographic analysis further revealed the evolution of nitrite and nitrate anions and an unknown intermediate X during the photodegradation process. The trends of nitrite and nitrate anions indicate that the photodegradation process produced nitrite at first, which subsequently turned to nitrate in the presence of oxygen. The removal rate of COD was far slower than that of TNP, inferring the photodegradation reaction gradually mineralized the parent pollutants. The photodegradation of TNP could not proceed under anaerobic condition, presumably a result of oxygen deficiency that disabled the denitration process. Because of the volumetric loss of the test solution, follow-up irradiations were performed after addition of supplementary water. This follow-up irradiation period revealed that direct photolysis, i.e., irradiation in the absence of TiO2 photocatalysts, could not photodegrade TNP but gradually diminish the component X.

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Correspondence to Mingliang Luo.

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Yuan, Y., Li, H., Luo, M. et al. TiO2-Mediated Photodegradation of Aqueous Trinitrophenol Irradiated by an Artificial Light Source. Water Air Soil Pollut 225, 1881 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-014-1881-5

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Keywords

  • Titanium dioxide
  • Trinitrophenol
  • Photocatalysis
  • Direct photolysis