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Cr(VI) Adsorption and Desorption on Soils and Biosorbents

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We study the adsorption and desorption of chromium on two soils (a forest soil and a vineyard soil), both individually or after being combined with ground mussel shell, and on various materials (mussel shell, pyritic material from a dump site, and slate processing fines). The adsorption capacity depends mainly on the initial Cr concentration, on the pH, and on the abundance of noncrystalline Fe. The highest adsorption percentage (94 %) corresponds to the pyritic material, which also shows very low desorption rates (1.4 %), has the lowest pH, and has the highest concentration of noncrystalline Fe. The adsorption isotherms in most cases fit the Freundlich and Lineal models, rather than the Langmuir model, with no easily predictable maximum for chromium adsorption.

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This research was supported by the Government of Galicia (Spain).

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Correspondence to E. Álvarez.

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Fernández-Pazos, M.T., Garrido-Rodriguez, B., Nóvoa-Muñoz, J.C. et al. Cr(VI) Adsorption and Desorption on Soils and Biosorbents. Water Air Soil Pollut 224, 1366 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-012-1366-3

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  • Chromium adsorption and desorption
  • Forest soil
  • Mussel shell
  • Pyritic materials
  • Slate processing fines
  • Vineyard soil