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Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

, 224:1352 | Cite as

Suspended Microplastics and Black Carbon Particles in the Jade System, Southern North Sea

  • Fatehi Dubaish
  • Gerd LiebezeitEmail author
Article

Abstract

Suspended microplastic and black carbon (BC) particles were determined in surface waters of the Jade system, southern North Sea, including freshwater sources. On average, 64 ± 194 granular particles, 88 ± 82 fibres and 30 ± 41 BC particles/L were recorded. Maximum numbers reached 1,770/L for granules, 650/L for fibres and 330/L for black carbon particles. The distribution along a transect from the inner to the outer part of the Jade system indicates granular particles to be dominant in the inner part, while fibres occur more prominently in the outer part. The distribution of BC particles was more uniform. All freshwater sources including sewage treatment plant effluents discharged microplastics, while BC was encountered only at two of nine discharge points.

Keywords

Microplastics Wadden Sea Jade Bay Suspended matter 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are indebted to the Wadden Sea Foundation, Hannover, and the Lower Saxonian Ministry of Science and Culture for financial support. Comments by two anonymous reviewers were helpful in improving the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Chemistry and Biology of the SeaUniversity of OldenburgWilhelmshavenGermany

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