Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

, Volume 223, Issue 7, pp 4253–4273 | Cite as

Effectiveness of Low Impact Development Practices: Literature Review and Suggestions for Future Research

  • Laurent M. AhiablameEmail author
  • Bernard A. Engel
  • Indrajeet Chaubey


Low impact development (LID) is a land development strategy for managing stormwater at the source with decentralized micro-scale control measures. Since the emergence of LID practices, they have been successfully used to manage stormwater runoff, improve water quality, and protect the environment. However, discussions still surround the effectiveness of many of these practices, resulting in a reluctance to widely adopt them. This paper highlights evidence in the literature regarding the beneficial uses of LID practices. A discussion of how LID practices are represented in hydrologic/water quality models is also provided using illustrative examples of three computational models developed with algorithms and modules to support widespread adoption of LID practices. Finally, the paper suggests directions for future research opportunities.


Modeling Diffuse pollution Urban water planning Environmental impact Runoff Water quality 



The authors acknowledge the financial support of the Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant (IISG) - College Program Research and Outreach Development and Capacity Building Projects. We also gratefully appreciate the fellowship of the National Science Foundation-East Asia and Pacific Summer Institutes (EAPSI) for U.S. Graduate Students.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laurent M. Ahiablame
    • 1
    Email author
  • Bernard A. Engel
    • 1
  • Indrajeet Chaubey
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural and Biological EngineeringPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  2. 2.Department of Earth and Atmospheric SciencesPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA
  3. 3.Division of Environmental and Ecological EngineeringPurdue UniversityWest LafayetteUSA

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