Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

, Volume 221, Issue 1–4, pp 169–182 | Cite as

Effect of Superphosphate and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungus Glomus mosseae on Phosphorus and Arsenic Uptake in Lentil (Lens culinaris L.)

  • Fazel R. Sadeque Ahmed
  • Ian J. Alexander
  • Mwinyikione Mwinyihija
  • Kenneth Killham
Article

Abstract

Arsenic (As)-contaminated irrigation water is responsible for high As levels in soils and crops in many parts of the world, particularly in the Bengal Delta, Bangladesh and West Bengal, India. While arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi markedly improve phosphorus (P) uptake, they can also alleviate metal toxicity. In this study, the effects of superphosphate and inoculation with the AM fungus Glomus mosseae on P and As uptake of lentil were investigated. Plant height, shoot dry weight, shoot/root P concentration, and shoot P content increased due to mycorrhizal inoculation. However, As concentration in roots/shoots and root As content were reduced, plant height, shoot dry weight, shoot/root P concentration/content, and root As concentration and content increased due to superphosphate application. Root P concentration decreased with increasing As concentration. It was apparent that As concentration and content in shoots/roots increased with increasing As concentration in irrigation water. Superphosphate interaction with G. mosseae reduced the role of mycorrhizal infection in terms of enhancing P nutrition and reducing uptake of potentially toxic As into plant parts. The role and relationship of mycorrhizal in respect of P nutrition and As remediation efficiency in plant parts was established. In conclusion, it was worth alluding to that lentil with AM fungal inoculation can reduce As uptake and improve P nutrition. However, in retrospect superphosphate increased P and As uptake and decreased the role of the mycorrhizal association. This resulted in stimulating increased P uptake while decreasing As uptake in lentil.

Keywords

Arbuscular mycorrhizas Arsenate Arsenic Glomus mosseae Lentil Phosphorus uptake Superphosphate 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to acknowledge INVAM (International Culture Collection of Vesicular arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi) for the mycorrhizal inoculum of G. mosseae. Dr. Martin Wood, University of Reading, for the strain of R. leguminosarum b.v. Viceae strain 3841 and Dr. M. Andrews, University of Sunderland, for the seed of lentil (L. culinaris L.).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fazel R. Sadeque Ahmed
    • 1
  • Ian J. Alexander
    • 2
  • Mwinyikione Mwinyihija
    • 3
  • Kenneth Killham
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Environment (Climate Change)DhakaBangladesh
  2. 2.School of Biological Sciences, Institute of Biological and Environmental SciencesUniversity of AberdeenAberdeenUK
  3. 3.Leather Development CouncilNairobiKenya
  4. 4.Remedios Limited, Balgownie Technology CentreAberdeenUK

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