Water, Air, & Soil Pollution

, Volume 213, Issue 1–4, pp 287–299 | Cite as

Assessment on the Removal of Methylene Blue Dye using Tamarind Fruit Shell as Biosorbent

  • Papita SahaEmail author


Tamarind fruit shell was used as a low-cost biosorbent for the removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution. The various factors affecting adsorption, such as agitation, pH, initial dye concentration, contact time, and temperature, were investigated. The dye adsorption capacity was strongly dependent on solution pH as well as temperature. The Langmuir isotherm model showed good fit to the equilibrium adsorption data, and the maximum adsorption capacity obtained was 1.72 mg g−1 at 303 K. The kinetics of adsorption followed the pseudo-second-order model and the rate constant increased with increase in temperature, indicating endothermic nature of adsorption. The Arrhenius equation was used to obtain the activation energy (E a) for the adsorption system. The activation energy was estimated to be 19.65 kJ mol−1. Thermodynamic parameters such as Gibbs free energy (ΔG 0), enthalpy (ΔH 0), and entropy (ΔS 0) were also investigated. Results suggested that adsorption of methylene blue onto tamarind fruit shell was a spontaneous and endothermic process. The present investigation suggests that tamarind fruit shell may be utilized as a low-cost adsorbent for methylene blue removal from aqueous solution.


Tamarind fruit shell Methylene blue Isotherm Kinetics Thermodynamics 



Revolution per minute


Scanning electron microscopy.






Regression coefficient




X-ray diffraction


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biotechnology DepartmentNational Institute of TechnologyDurgapurIndia

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