The aim of this article is the determination of uranium accumulation in plants tissue in shoots and roots of corn—maize (Zea mays), grown on two types of soils, pseudogley and chernozem, together with its phytotoxic effect on the plant growth and development. The soils was contaminated with different rates (10 to 1,000 mg U(VI) kg−1) of uranyl nitrate (UO2(NO3)2·6H2O). Vegetative tests performed with maize indicated uranium phytotoxic effect on plant height, yield, and germination of seeds. This effect was stronger on the plants grown on pseudogley in comparison with those grown on chernozem. Soil properties determined the tolerance and accumulation of U in plants. A linear dependence between the content of uranium in soil and in plants tissue, including maximal content of 1,000 mg U kg−1, indicates that maize could be used for phytoremediation of uranium-contaminated soils.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Adler, T. (1996). Using plants to tackle polluted water and soil. Science News, 150, 42–43.
Aleksahina, R. M. (1985). Radioekologia oročeanogo zemledenija, Moskva.
Bikit, I., Sarić, M., Conkić, Lj, Slivka, J., & Krmar, M. (1995). Transport of natural radionuclide from soil to plants (pp. 221–224). Belgrade: Yugoslav Society for Protection from Radiation.
Boileau, L. J. R., Nieboer, E., & Richardson, D. H. S. (1985). Uranium accumulation in the lichen Cladonia rangiferina. Part II. Toxic effects of cationic, neutral, and anionic forms of the uranyl ion. Canadian Journal of Botany, 63(3), 390–397.
Chen, B., Roos, P., Borggard, O. K., Zhu, Y. G., & Jakobsen, I. (2005). Mycorrhiza and root hairs in barley enhance acquisition of phosphorus and uranium from phosphate rock but mycorrhiza decreases root to shoot uranium transfer. New Phytologist, 165, 591–598.
Clark, R. B. (1983). Plant genotype differences in the uptake, translocation, accumulation and use mineral elements required for plant grow. In M. R. Saric & B. C. Loughman (Eds.), Genetic aspects of plant nutrition (pp. 49–70). The Netherlands Martinus Nijhoff: The Hague.
Dushenkov, S., & Kapulnik, Y. (2000). Phytofiltration of metals. In I. Raskin & B. D. Ensley (Eds.), Phytoremediation of toxic metals—Using plants to clean-up the environment (pp. 89–106). New York: Wiley.
Ebbs, S. D., & Kochian, L. V. (1998). Phytoextraction of zinc by oat (Avena sativa), barley (Hordeum vulgare) and Indian mustard (Brassica juncea). Environmental Science and Technology, 32(6), 802–806.
Ebbs, S. D., Brady, D. J., & Kochian, L. V. (1998). Role of uranium speciation in the uptake and translocation of uranium by plants. Journal of Experimental Botany, 49(324), 1183–1190.
Entry, J. A., Vance, N. C., Hamilton, M. A., Zabowski, D., Watrud, L. S., & Adriano, D. C. (1996). Phytoremediaion of soil contaminated with low concentrations of radionuclides. Water, Air & Soil Pollution, 88(1–2), 167–176.
Gulati, K. L., Oswal, M. C., & Nagpaul, K. K. (1980). Assimilation of uranium by wheat and tomato plants. Plants and Soil, 55(1), 55–59.
Harmsen, K., & de Haan, F. A. M. (1980). Occurrence and behaviour of uranium and thorium in soil and water. Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science, 28, 40–62.
Huang, J. W., Blaylock, M. J., Kapulnik, Y., & Densley, B. B. D. (1998). Phytoremediation of uranium-contaminated soils: Role of organic acids in triggering uranium hyperaccumulation in plants. Environmental Science and Technology, 32, 2004–2008.
Jelenković, R. (1991). Mineralizacija urana Šumadije: Genetski i morfo-strukturološki tipovi. Beograd: RGF.
Jones, R. L. (1992). Uranium and phosphorus contents in Morrow plot soils over 82 years. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 23, 67–73.
Kovalevski, A. L. (1973). O fiziologičeskih barierah proglašenia u rastenii po otnošenio koncentraciah urana v pitaiošen sred, Siktikvar. pp. 92-98.
Langmuir, D. (1978). Uranium solution-mineral equilibria at low temperatures with applications to sedimentary ore deposits. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 42, 547–569.
Mortvedt, J. J. (1994). Plant and soil relationships of uranium and thorium decay series radionuclides—A review. Journal of Environmental Quality, 23, 643–650.
Petrova, R. (2006). Accumulation of natural radionuclides in wooden and grass vegetation from abandoned uranium mines. In B. J. Merkel & A. Hasche-Berger (Eds.), Uranium in the Environment (pp. 507–518). Heidelberg: Springer Berlin.
Rajković, M. (2001). Depleted uranium. Vojnotehnički zavod (Ed), Beograd.
Salt, D. E., & Kramer, U. (2000). Mechanisms of metal hyperaccumulation in plants. In I. Raskin & B. D. Ensley (Eds.), Phytoremediation of toxic metals: Using plants to clean-up the environment (pp. 231–246). New York: Wiley.
Sarić, M. R. (1983). Theoretical and practical approaches to the genetic specificity of mineral nutrition of plant. Plant and Soil, 72, 137–150.
Sarić, M. R., Stojanović, M., & Babić, M. (1995). Uranium in plant species grown on natural barren soil. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 18, 1509–1518.
Sarić, M. R., Čonkić, L., Bikit, I., Stojanović, M., & Babić, M. (1996). Concentration of uranium in root-crops, bulbous and tuberous plants. Acta Horticulturae, 462(2), 543–548.
Sarić, M. R., Stojanović, M., Babić, M., Potpara, D., & Ileš, D. (1999). The reaction of plant species and their genotypes on uranium uptake. Genetika, 31, 1–16.
Shahandeh, H., & Hossner, L. R. (2002). Role of soil properties in phytoaccumulation of uranium. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 141(1–4), 165–180.
Sheard, J. W. (1986). Distribution of uranium series radionuclides in upland vegetation of northern Saskatchewan. II: Patterns of accumulation among species and localities. Canadian Journal of Botany, 64, 2453–2463.
Sheppard, M. I., Sheppard, S. C., & Thibault, D. H. (1984). Uptake by plants and migration of uranium and chromium in field lysimeters. Journal of Environmental Quality, 13, 357–361.
Sheppard, M. I., & Thibault, D. H. (1992). Desorption and extraction of selected heavy metals from soils. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 56, 415–423.
Sheppard, S. C., Evenden, W. G., & Anderson, A. J. (2006). Multiple assays of uranium in soil. Environmental Toxicology and Water Quality, 7, 275–294.
Singh, B. P., Pandit, B., Rai, S. P., Bhardwaj, V. N., & Kumar, R. (2008). Trace element analysis of uranium in some leaf samples of Dumka region, Jharkhand state using fission track technique. Radiation Measurements, 43, 512–514.
Špirochová, K., Punčochárová, J., Kafka, Z., Kubal, M., Soudek, P., & Vanek, T. (2003). Accumulation of heavy metals by in vitro cultures of plants. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 3, 269–276.
Stojanović, M. (2006). Radionuclide contamination of Serbian soil and remediation possibility. Belgrade, DC: Institute for Technology of Nuclear and Other Raw Materials.
Stojanović, M., & Martinović, Z. (1993). Pregled analitičkih metoda za određivanje urana. Uticaj upotrebe fosfornih đubriva na kontaminaciju uranom. Symposium SANU, 5, 1–18.
Stojanović, M., Sarić, M. R., Babić, M., & Ileš, D. (1995). Uranium concentration in perennial vood plants growing in wicinity of closen down uranium mine in Kalna. I Regional Symposium: Chemistry and the environment Proceedings II. Vrnjacka Banja. pp. 1007–1010.
Stojanović, M., Mrdaković Popić, J., Stevanović, D., & Martinović, Lj. (2006). Phosphorus fertilizers as source of uranium in Serbian soils. Agronomy for Sustainable Development, 26, 179–183.
Stojanović, M., Stevanović, D., Iles, D., Grubišić, M., & Milojković, J. (2009). The effect of the uranium content in the tailings on some cultivated plants. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 200, 101–108.
Surinder, S., Rajeev, M., & Bajwab, S. (2005). Uranium uptake studies in some plants, radiation measurements. International conference on nuclear tracks in solids No. 22, Barcelona, ESPAGNE (23/08/2005), 40, 666–669.
Tunney, H., Stojanović, M., Mrdaković Popić, J., McGrath, D., & Zhang, Ch. (2009). Relationship of soil phosphorus with uranium in grassland mineral soils in Ireland using soils from a long-term phosphorus experiment and a National soil database. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 172(3), 346–352.
Zafrir, H., Waisel, Y., Agami, M., Kronfeld, J., & Mazor, E. (1992). Uranium in plants of Southern Sinai. Journal of Arid Environments, 22, 363–368.
This work is part of realization of project TR20016 that is supported by the Ministry of Science and Technological Development Republic of Serbia.
About this article
Cite this article
Stojanović, M.D., Stevanović, D.R., Milojković, J.V. et al. Phytotoxic Effect of the Uranium on the Growing Up and Development the Plant of Corn. Water Air Soil Pollut 209, 401–410 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-009-0208-4
- Maize (Zea mays)