Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 205, Issue 1–4, pp 3–24 | Cite as

Control of Algal Scum Using Top-Down Biomanipulation Approaches and Ecosystem Health Assessments for Efficient Reservoir Management

  • Kwang-Guk An
  • Jae-Yon Lee
  • Hema K. Kumar
  • Sang-Jae Lee
  • Soon-Jin Hwang
  • Baik-Ho Kim
  • Young-Seuk Park
  • Kyung-Hoon Shin
  • Sangkyu Park
  • Han-Yong Um


The objectives of this study were algal control and health assessments in a temperate eutrophic reservoir. Laboratory and mesocosm-scale in situ top-down biomanipulation experiments using planktivorous fishes and filter-feeding macroinvertebrates were conducted along with identification of the limiting nutrient using nutrient enrichment bioassays (NEBs), and ecosystem health evaluation based on the modified index of biological integrity model (Reservoir Ecosystem Health Assessment; REHA). Nutrients and N/P ratio analyses during 5 years revealed that the reservoir was in a eutrophic–hypertrophic state and that the key limiting nutrients, based on the NEBs, varied among seasons. Reservoir trophic guilds indicated declines in sensitive and endemic fish species and dominance of tolerant omnivores. Model values from multimetric REHAs averaged 25.8, indicating that the ecological health was in “fair to poor” condition. Overall microcosm biomanipulation tests suggested that macroinvertebrates, specifically Palaemon paucidens and Caridina denticulata, were effective candidates for phytoplankton control, compared to fishes. In situ mesocosm experiments revealed the highest removal rates with bluegreen algae and a phytoplankton size fraction of 2–19 μm (R e > 90%, Mann–Whitney U = 64.5–74.0, p < 0.01), the dominant fractions in the reservoir. Our biomanipulation technique may provide a key tool for efficient management and restoration of eutrophied reservoirs.


Water quality Biomanipulation Removal rate Macroinvertebrate Phytoplankton 



This research was funded by the project (no. 306009-03-2-CG000) of the Agricultural Technology Development Center, Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Korea (Project Title: Development of Water Quality Management Techniques in Agricultural Reservoirs Using Fish Trophic Structure Analysis and Top-down Biomanipulations).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kwang-Guk An
    • 1
  • Jae-Yon Lee
    • 1
  • Hema K. Kumar
    • 1
  • Sang-Jae Lee
    • 1
  • Soon-Jin Hwang
    • 2
  • Baik-Ho Kim
    • 2
  • Young-Seuk Park
    • 3
  • Kyung-Hoon Shin
    • 4
  • Sangkyu Park
    • 5
  • Han-Yong Um
    • 6
  1. 1.School of Bioscience and BiotechnologyChungnam National UniversityDaejeonSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of Environmental ScienceKonkuk UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  3. 3.Department of BiologyKyunghee UniversitySeoulSouth Korea
  4. 4.Department of Environmental Marine ScienceHanyang UniversityAnsanSouth Korea
  5. 5.Department of Biological ScienceAjou UniversitySuwonSouth Korea
  6. 6.Rural Research InstituteGyeonggiSouth Korea

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