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Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 198, Issue 1–4, pp 149–153 | Cite as

The Fallout from Fireworks: Perchlorate in Total Deposition

  • Jennie Munster
  • Gilbert N. Hanson
  • W. Andrew Jackson
  • Srinath Rajagopalan
Article

Abstract

Recent studies have shown that natural perchlorate may be an important component to the general population exposure. These studies indicate that natural perchlorate is likely deposited by atmospheric deposition. Perchlorate concentration of total (dry + wet) deposition is relatively unstudied yet these measurements will aid in understanding natural levels in the environment. We sampled total deposition monthly at six sites in Suffolk County, Long Island, NY from November 30, 2005 until July 5, 2007. The mean perchlorate concentration is 0.21 ± 0.04 (standard error) μg L−1 with a maximum value of 2.78 μg L−1 . Here we show up to an 18-fold increase above the mean concentration in July 2006 and July 2007 samples. It appears that this increase in perchlorate in total deposition is associated with Fourth of July fireworks.

Keywords

Fireworks Groundwater New York Perchlorate Precipitation 

Notes

Acknowledgment

This study was funded by the Suffolk County Water Authority and by a Department of Education GAANN Fellowship to JM.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jennie Munster
    • 1
  • Gilbert N. Hanson
    • 1
  • W. Andrew Jackson
    • 2
  • Srinath Rajagopalan
    • 2
  1. 1.Stony Brook UniversityStony BrookUSA
  2. 2.Texas Tech UniversityLubbockUSA

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