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Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 198, Issue 1–4, pp 133–148 | Cite as

Fractionation of Cu, Pb, Cr, and Zn in a Soil Column Amended with an Anaerobic Municipal Sewage Sludge

  • G. Egiarte
  • G. Corti
  • M. Pinto
  • J. Arostegui
  • F. Macías
  • E. Ruíz-Romero
  • M. Camps ArbestainEmail author
Article

Abstract

The objective of this study was to investigate the changes in the chemical partitioning of Cu, Pb, Cr and Zn within a column of soil incubated with an anaerobic sewage sludge (ANSS) for 2.5 months. The soil was irrigated during the incubation period. A sequential extraction method was used to fractionate these metals into exchangeable, weakly adsorbed, organic, Al oxide, Fe–Mn oxide, and residual, respectively. ANSS was applied at a loading rate of 69 Mg ha−1. The soil is a Dystric Cambisol with low pH (<3.8), low CEC [<10 cmol(+) kg−1 below the first 4 cm depth], and low base saturation (<7%). The addition of the ANSS caused a decrease in concentrations of Cu, Pb, and Cr in the A1 horizon, and an increase in the concentrations with depth. Below the A1 horizon, concentrations of Cu increased uniformly (~1 mg cm−1), and the greatest increases were observed in the residual, Fe–Mn oxides, and weakly adsorbed fractions. Maximum increases in Pb occurred at 4–9 cm of depth (1.6 mg cm−1), and mainly affected the weakly adsorbed fraction. Chromium essentially accumulated at the limit between the A2 and the Bw horizons (1.1–1.5 mg cm−1) as residual and organic bound forms, probably through particulate transport. Zinc mainly accumulated in the A1 horizon (2.9 mg cm−1) as exchangeable Zn. At depth, Zn increments were predominantly observed in the residual fraction. The results of this study thus demonstrate the redistribution of contaminants into different chemical pools and soil layers after sludge amendment.

Keywords

Heavy metals XR-fluorescence Interestratified mica-vermiculite Acid soil 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This research was funded by INIA (Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria); Project RTA03-010.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Egiarte
    • 1
  • G. Corti
    • 2
  • M. Pinto
    • 1
  • J. Arostegui
    • 3
  • F. Macías
    • 4
  • E. Ruíz-Romero
    • 5
  • M. Camps Arbestain
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.NEIKERBizkaiaSpain
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali e delle Produzioni VegetaliUniversità Politecnica delle MarcheAnconaItaly
  3. 3.Facultad de Ciencia y Tecnología, Departamento de Mineralogía y PetrologíaUPVLeioaSpain
  4. 4.Departamento de Edafología y Química Agrícola, Facultad de BiologíaUniversidad de Santiago de CompostelaSantiago de CompostelaSpain
  5. 5.Departamento de Química e Ingeniería Ambiental, Escuela de IngenierosUPVBilbaoSpain

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