The present paper describes the results of experiments with measurements of heavy metals concentrations in soil, leaves and roots of Zea mays cultivated near the major road in the area Araxos, Greece. The chain of ecological interactions is decomposed into individual subsystems with sufficiently small number of data samples describing concentrations of elements. The GMDH-based regression models are obtained and analyzed to assess different aspects of interactions within the chain “soil–roots–leaves”. The paper also represents a qualitative assessment technique to simplify analysis of the results, as well as to generalize the modeling results for different subsystems to the whole system.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Farlow, S. J. (Ed.) (1984). Self-organizing methods in modelling: GMDH type algorithms. New York: Marcel Decker.
Kalavrouziotis, I. K., Carter, J., Mehra, A., Varnavas, S. P., & Drakatos, P. A. (2006a). Towards an understanding of metal contamination in food and soils related to road traffic. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 15(3), 170–175.
Kalavrouziotis, I. K., Carter, J., Varnavas, S. P., Mehra, A., & Drakatos, P. A. (2007a). Towards an understanding of the effect of road pollution an adjacent food crops: Zea mays as an example. International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 30(3–4), 576–592.
Kalavrouziotis, I. K., Jones, P. W., Carter, J., & Varnavas, S. P. (2007b). Uptake of trace metals of Lycopersicum esculendum (tomato) at a site adjacent to a major road, Lamias, Greece. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 16(2), 133–139.
Kalavrouziotis, I. K., Pantazis, V. N., Vissikirsky, V. A., & Stepashko, V. S. (2006b). Irrigation of forest species with wastewater and sludge: Experiments, modeling, and qualitative assessment. Instrumentation Science and Technology, 34, 727–742.
Kalavrouziotis, I. K., Stepashko, V. S., Vissikirsky, V. A., & Drakatos, P. A. (2002). Group Method of Data Handling (GMDH) application for modeling of mechanical properties of trees irrigated with wastewater. International Journal of Environment and Pollution, 18(6), 589–601.
Vissikirsky, V. A. (2002). An approach to the organization of qualitative knowledge proceed from computer simulation results. Proceedings of ASME International–Greek Section, First National Conference on Recent Advances in Mechanical Engineering, Patras, Greece, 17–20 September.
Vissikirsky, V. A., Stepashko, V. S., Kalavrouziotis, I. K., & Drakatos, P. A. (2005). Growth dynamics of trees irrigated with wastewater: GMDH modeling, assessment, and control issues. Instrumentation Science and Technology, 33, 237–257.
About this article
Cite this article
Vissikirsky, V.A., Stepashko, V.S., Kalavrouziotis, I.K. et al. The Road Pollution Impact on Zea mays: Inductive Modeling and Qualitative Assessment. Water Air Soil Pollut 195, 301–310 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-008-9747-3
- Road pollution
- Heavy metals
- Zea mays
- Inductive modeling
- Qualitative assessment