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Aquifer Vulnerability Zoning, an Indicator of Atmospheric Pollutants Input? Vanadium in the Salamanca Aquifer, Mexico


Aquifer vulnerability assessments can be incorporated in groundwater contamination studies. Atmospheric pollutants as vanadium, V, can reach aquifers after soil deposition if the system is vulnerable. Vanadium concentrations were detected in soil and groundwater in Salamanca Mexico. V origin is related mainly to particulate emissions from a thermoelectric plant that is using fuel oil number 6 with high V content. To determine the V origin in groundwater, a soil and groundwater monitoring was carried out. A SINTACS vulnerability zoning was done. Vanadium in soil, emissions and groundwater is well correlated. The V input is associated to aquifer vulnerable zones.

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Partial founding was provided by Semarnat–Conacyt grant C0003. Groundwater chemical analyses were performed at the IGF Analytical Chem. Lab. by Aguayo A. Ceniceros N. and Cruz O. Soil chemical analyses were done at the Hydrogeological Research Lab, Land, Environment and Geo-Engineering Department, Politecnico di Torino, Italy.

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Correspondence to R. Rodriguez.

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Mejia, J.A., Rodriguez, R., Armienta, A. et al. Aquifer Vulnerability Zoning, an Indicator of Atmospheric Pollutants Input? Vanadium in the Salamanca Aquifer, Mexico. Water Air Soil Pollut 185, 95–100 (2007).

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  • Aquifer vulnerability
  • Vanadium
  • Groundwater