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Method for the Estimation of the Past Illegal Dumping Recorded in a Sediment Core


Heavy metal concentrations of the acid-soluble fraction in sediment core samples from Nagaike, a reservoir in Osaka City, Japan, were measured by ICP-MS following the microwave extraction method. Spiked peaks for several metals in the sediment core samples were observed around 1960. The results of correlation coefficient study and cluster analysis of heavy metal concentrations in the sediment core samples showed that some metals, such as Cr, Cd, Ni and Cu, in the period of the spiked peak were derived from the different emission sources from other periods. These metals are often used for metal plating, and it was concluded that the spiked peaks were caused by illegal effluent from the metal plating industry. The load amounts of heavy metals by illegal dumping were calculated and the magnitude of the pollution was estimated.

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Correspondence to Kenshi Katahira.

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Katahira, K., Ishitake, M., Moriwaki, H. et al. Method for the Estimation of the Past Illegal Dumping Recorded in a Sediment Core. Water Air Soil Pollut 179, 197–206 (2007).

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  • correlation coefficients
  • cluster analysis
  • emission sources
  • heavy metal
  • illegal dumping
  • load amounts
  • sediment core