Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

, Volume 172, Issue 1–4, pp 201–219 | Cite as

Fungal Bioremediation of Creosote-Contaminated Soil: A Laboratory Scale Bioremediation Study Using Indigenous Soil Fungi

  • Harrison Ifeanychukwu AtaganaEmail author
  • R. J. Haynes
  • F. M. Wallis


The aim of the study is to determine the efficacy of indigenous soil fungi in removing (PAHs) from creosote-contaminated soil with a view to developing a bioremediation strategy for creosote-contaminated soil. Five fungal isolates, Cladosporium, Fusarium, Penicillium, Aspergillus and Pleurotus, were separatelyinoculated onto sterile barley grains and incubated in the dark. Thecolonized barley was inoculated onto creosote-contaminated (250 000 mg kg−1) soil in 18 duplicate treatments and incubated at 25 °C forseventy days. The soil was amended with nutrient supplements to give a C:N:Pratio of 25:5:1 and tilled weekly. Creosote removal was higher (between 78and 94%) in nutrient supplemented treatments than in the un-supplementedones (between 65 and 88%). A mixed population of fungi was more effective(94.1% in the nutrient amended treatment) in creosote removal than singlepopulations wit a maximum of 88%. Barley supported better fungal growthand PAH removal. Pleurotus sp. removed the creosote more than the other isolates. Two andthree-ring PAHs were more susceptible to removal than the 4- and 5-ringPAHs, which continued to remain in small amounts to the end of thetreatment. Reduction of creosote in the present study was higher than wasobserved in an earlier experiment using a consortium of microorganisms, mainly bacteria, on the same contaminated soil (Atagana, 2003).


bioremediation creosote fungi nutrients PAHs soil 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harrison Ifeanychukwu Atagana
    • 1
    Email author
  • R. J. Haynes
    • 2
  • F. M. Wallis
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Earth SciencesMangosuthu TechnikonJacobsSouth Africa
  2. 2.School of Applied Environmental SciencesUniversity of KwaZulu-NatalPietermaritzburgSouth Africa

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