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Influence of Water Content and Plants on the Dissipation of Chlorinated Volatile Organic Compounds in Soil

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Abstract

To devise effective procedures for the remediation of soil contaminated by VOCs, an improved understanding of their fate and transport mechanisms in soil is essential. To show the effect of plants on the dissipation of 1,1,1-trichloroethane (TCA), trichloroethylene (TCE) and tetrachloroethylene (PCE), two types of experiments, vial and column, were conducted. The results suggested that keeping the soil moisture content at field capacity is desirable for VOCs dissipation. All VOCs were dissipated quickly in unplanted columns than planted conditions in early periods of the experiment because more volatilization occurred in unplanted conditions. The plants could take up and retard volatile contaminants, and prevent contamination of ambient air. Although the time for acclimation for microbial communities to contaminants for enhanced biodegradation should be considered, phytoremediation is potentially a cost-effective remediation technique for soils contaminated by volatile organic compounds (VOCs).

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Correspondence to Kijune Sung.

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Cho, C., Sung, K., Coapcioglu, M.Y. et al. Influence of Water Content and Plants on the Dissipation of Chlorinated Volatile Organic Compounds in Soil. Water Air Soil Pollut 167, 259–271 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11270-005-0081-8

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Keywords

  • biodegradation
  • phytoremediation
  • retardation
  • site capping
  • uptake
  • volatilization
  • volatile organic compounds (VOCs)