Ability of the Performance Criteria to Assess and Compare Reservoir Management Approaches

  • Abdellatif AhbariEmail author
  • Laila Stour
  • Ali Agoumi


A reservoir management approach requires, regularly, an update of its parameters in order to assure that the reservoir continue to fulfill its role without major failure. In fact, the performance criteria are widely associated with to optimization as tools to assess and compare optimized and initial approaches. In this study, we analyzed the ability of six performance criteria to assess and compare, correctly, six management approaches of the Bin El Ouidane-Ait El Ouarda complex, under varying conditions. Five of the six compared approaches are results of a double optimization phase using the Genetic Algorithm. And the sixth represents the current management approach of the complex. The analysis of the obtained results via the principal component analysis method shows that the optimized approaches are performing better according to all criteria, and negative management practices of the current approach were detected. Additionally, remarks concerning the reliability of the studied criteria were underlined: the very high dependency of the criteria values to the conditions of calculation, the necessity to use various criterion because the use of only one can alter the comparison, the necessity to report in addition to the criterion value its calculation conditions, and the sustainability criterion tends to give an implicit weight coefficient to the parameter having the low value. This paper novelty is that it gave an application example of guidelines to follow and precautions to consider, in order to assess and compare reservoir management approaches, taking into account the question of representativeness of the performance criteria.


Performance Criteria Reservoir Management Optimization Approach 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


  1. Ahbari A, Stour L, Agoumi A (2017) The dam reservoir of Bin El Ouidane (Azilal, Morocco) face to climate change. Int J Sci Eng Res 8(5):199–203. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cai X, McKinney DC, Lasdon LS (2002) A framework for sustainability analysis in water resources management and application to the Syr Darya basin. Water Resour Res 38(6):1085–1098. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Fiering MB, Holling CS (1974) Management and standards for perturbed ecosystems. Agro-Ecosystems 1(4):301–321. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Haimes YY, Hall WA (1977) Sensitivity, responsivity, stability and irreversibility as multiple objectives in civil systems. Adv Water Resour 1(2):71–81. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Hashimoto T, Stedinger JR, Loucks DP (1982) Reliability, resiliency, and vulnerability criteria for water resource system performance. Water Resour Res 18(1):14–20. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hirsch RM (1979) Synthetic hydrology and water supply reliability. Water Resour Res 15(6):1603–1615. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Holling CS (1973) Resilience and stability of ecological systems. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 4:1–23. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Jain SK, Bhunya PK (2008) Reliability, resilience and vulnerability of a multipurpose storage reservoir. Hydrol Sci J 53(2):434–447. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Jinno K, Zongxue X, Kawamura A, Tajiri K (1995) Risk assessment of a water supply system during drought. Int J Water Resour Dev 11(2):185–204. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Kjeldsen TR, Rosbjerg D (2004) Choice of reliability, resilience and vulnerability estimators for risk assessments of water resources systems. Hydrol Sci J 49(5):755–767. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kundzewicz ZW, Kindler J (1995) Multiple criteria for evaluation of reliability aspects of water resources systems. In: Simonovic SP, Kundzewicz Z, Rosbjerg D, Takeuchi K (eds) Modelling and Management of Sustainable Basin-scale Water Resources Systems (Proc. Boulder Symp., July 1995), IAHS Publ. 231. IAHS Press, Wallingford, UK, p 217–224Google Scholar
  12. Loucks DP (1997) Quantifying trends in system sustainability. Hydrol Sci J 42(4):513–530. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. McMahon TA, Adeloye AJ, Sen-Lin Z (2006) Understanding performance measures of reservoirs. J Hydrol 324:359–382. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Moy WS, Cohon JL, Revelle CS (1986) A programming model for analysis of reliability, resilience and vulnerability of a water supply reservoir. Water Resour Res 22(4):489–498. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Ray PA, Vogel RM, Watkins DW (2010) Robust optimization using a variety of performance indices. Proc., World Environmental and Water Resources Congress, ASCE, Reston, VAGoogle Scholar
  16. Sagar AD, Najam A (1998) The human development index: a critical review. Ecol Econ 25(3):249–264. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Sandoval-Solis S, McKinney DC, Loucks DP (2011) Sustainability index for water resources planning and management. J Water Resour Plan Manag 137(5):381–390.
  18. Srinivasan K, Neelakantan TR, Shyam Narayan P, Nagarajukumar C (1999) Mixed-integer programming model for reservoir performance optimization. J Water Resour Plan Manag 125(5):298–301. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Vogel RM, Bolognese RA (1995) Storage–reliability–resilience–yield relations for over-year water supply systems. Water Resour Res 31(3):645–654. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire Génie des Procédés et Environnement, Faculté des Sciences et TechniquesHassan II University of CasablancaMohammediaMorocco
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Génie Civil, Hydraulique, Environnement et Changement ClimatiqueEcole Hassania des Travaux PublicsCasablancaMorocco

Personalised recommendations