Water Resources Management

, Volume 33, Issue 10, pp 3499–3512 | Cite as

Dynamic Simulation of Soil Salt Transport in Arid Irrigation Areas under the HYDRUS-2D-Based Rotation Irrigation Mode

  • Cundong Xu
  • Junjiao TianEmail author
  • Guoxia Wang
  • Junkun Nie
  • Hongyang Zhang


This research aims to explore the dynamic transport of water and salt in soil under different irrigation modes and disclose the desalting effect of different irrigation factors in inland arid irrigation areas. Jingdian Irrigation District in Gansu Province, which is located in the arid region of Northwest China, is selected as a typical experimental area. Soil water and salt dynamic migration model is constructed based on HYDRUS-2D software, and field irrigation experiments are designed according to actual irrigation conditions in crop growth period. The model is used to simulate the salt transport process between saturated soil and unsaturated soil as well as the effects of different irrigation quotas, irrigation rounds and quota allocations on soil desalting. Through simulation, the vertical movement pattern of water and salt in the soil of the test area is analyzed, and the optimal design of the soil desalting irrigation plan is carried out. The results demonstrate that: after two-round irrigation, the average soil salinity of the tillage layer at each test points decreases significantly under evapotranspiration; the infiltration of irrigation water has an obvious impact on soil desalting; the deviation between the simulated and the measured value is less than 0.5%, which proves the model fitting result reliable; with fixed irrigation cycle and times, the soil desalting efficiency is higher when the irrigation quota falls in the range of 4000 ~ 6000 m3/hm2; when the first round of irrigation water only saturates the moisture content and gradually increases the irrigation quota in the subsequent rounds, it is more conducive to the dissolution and discharge of soil salinity. In summary, the results of this study can provide technical support for the protection of water and soil resources, as well as the improvement of saline-alkali land in inland arid irrigation areas.


Arid irrigation area Rotation flow HYDRUS-2D model Water and salt movement Desalination effect 



National Natural Science Foundation of China (51279064; 51579102).


  1. Yakirevich A, Weisbrod N, Kuznetsov M, Rivera Villarreyes CA, Benavent I, Chavez AM, Ferrando D (2013) Modeling the impact of solute recycling on groundwater salinization under irrigated lands: a study of the alto Piura aquifer. Peru Journal of Hydrology 482:25–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bufon VB, Lascano RJ, Bednarz C et al (2012) Soil water content on drip irrigated cotton: comparison of measured and simulated values obtained with the Hydrus 2-D model. Irrig Sci 30(4):259–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cai Axing CZ, Zhengqi J et al (1997) Relationship between salt content and conductivity in different saline areas in China. Soil Sci 29(1):54–57Google Scholar
  4. Chen LJ, Feng Q, Li FR et al (2014) A bidirectional model for simulating soil water flow and salt transport under mulched drip irrigation with saline water. Agric Water Manag 146:24–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Deb SK, Shukla MK, Simunek J et al (2013) Evaluation of spatial and temporal root water uptake patterns of a flood-irrigated pecan tree using the HYDRUS (2D/3D) model. J Irrig Drain Eng 139(8):599–611CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. El-Nesr MN, Alazba AA, Simunek J et al (2014) HYDRUS simulations of the effects of dual-drip subsurface irrigation and a physical barrier on water movement and solute transport in soils. Irrig Sci 32(2):111–125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Kohler A, Abbaspour KC, Fritsch M et al (2001) Simulating unsaturated flow and transport in a macroporous soil to tile drains subject to an entrance head: model development and preliminary evaluation. J Hydrol 254(1–4):67–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. LETEY J FGL (2007) Dynamic versus steady-state approaches to evaluate irrigation management of saline waters. Agriculture Water Management 91(1/2/3):1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lin Lin YJ, Liangsheng S, Fachao Z (2007) Simplified model of solute transport in regional saturated-unsaturated porous media. J Hydraul Eng 38(3):342–348Google Scholar
  10. Liu J (2012) Characteristics and numerical simulation of salinized soil with plastic mulch on water and salt migration under evaporation conditions. Dissertation. Xi'an University of TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  11. Lv Guijun KS, Fucang Z et al (2006) Study on water and salt law of motion of salinized soil under different infiltration conditions. Yellow River 28(4):52–54Google Scholar
  12. Mguidiche A, Provenzano G, Douh B, Khila S, Rallo G, Boujelben A (2015) Assessing Hydrus-2D to simulate soil water content (SWC) and salt accumulation under an SDI system: application to a potato crop in a semi-arid area of Central Tunisia. Irrigation & Drainage 64(2):263–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Nassar I N RH (2004) Salinity and compaction effects on soil water evaporation and water solute distributions. Soil Sci Soc Am J 63(4):752–758CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Wang JianDong GS, Di X et al (2013) Numerical simulations and validation of water flow and heat transport in a subsurface drip irrigation system using HYDRUS-2D. Irrig Drain 62(1):97–106CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Wang Shuixian DX, Bin W et al (2012) Numerical simulation and control mode of soil water and salt movement in arid salinization region. Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering 28(13):142–148Google Scholar
  16. Xiang-Shun S, Xi-F.T., Qi S, et al (2016) Research Progress on Soil Moisture and Salt Movement. Guangzhou Chemical IndustryGoogle Scholar
  17. Xu Cundong NJ, Hui L et al (2015) Simulation of soil water and salt transport under the conditions of flooding irrigation in Yellow River pumping-irrigation arid region. Yellow River 37(08):140–144Google Scholar
  18. Xu Cundong ZH, Liwei H (2014) Characteristic monitoring of groundwater-salt transportation and input-output in inland arid irrigation area. J Environ Biol 35(3):1181–1189Google Scholar
  19. Yu Genjian HJ, Zhanyi G (2013) Study on water and salt transportation of different irrigation modes by the simulation of HYDRUS model. J Hydraul Eng 44(7):826–834Google Scholar
  20. Zhang J, Wang Y, Zhao Y et al (2016) Spatial-temporal distribution of soil salt crusts under saline drip irrigation in an Artificial Desert highway shelterbelt. Water 8(2):35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Zhao Zhicai FS, Zailin H, Jing J, Juntao Q (2010) Distribution characteristics of water and salt in a spring wheat soil under brackish water irrigation. Chin J Appl Ecol 21(4):945–951Google Scholar
  22. Zhou H, Wang S, Xuchun WU (2014) Micro drip irrigation district environmental impact on soil water and salt transport. Adv Water Sci 25(6):816–824Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Collaborative Innovation Center of Water Resources Efficient Utilization and Protection EngineeringNorth China University of Water Resources and Electric PowerZhengzhou CityChina
  2. 2.Dingshengxiang Pumps Industry Limited CompanyZhengzhouChina

Personalised recommendations