This study derives tri-level programming model for multi-reservoir optimal operation in inter-basin transfer-diversion-supply project. Considering the complexity, uncertainty and dynamic nature of the transfer-diversion-supply project, the tri-level programming model is explored in this study to deeply reveal the independency and Inter connectedness of Stackelberg’s decision among transfer, diversion and supply, which is denoted with a set of rule curves of donor reservoirs and recipient reservoirs. Except that the reservoir operation rule can be devised, the model also indicates that it’s possible to establish a greater sustainability. In order to verify the utility of the tri-level programming model, an inter-basin water transfer-diversion-supply project in China is used as a case study. A particle swarm optimization can be easily integrated with simulation models to improve the performance of non-linear optimization. But PSO has premature convergence. IEA has excellent global search performance. So, the IEA-PSO is adopted for optimizing the decision variables. The result shows that the suggested method can achieve operation goal effectively and also improve the operation performance of the inter-basin multi-reservoir system. This article highlights the superior results compared with the current operating control rules.
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This research is supported by the Natural Sciences Foundation of China (51509089), China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2015 M582205). The authors wish to express deep thanks to the anonymous reviewers for their review.
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Wan, F., Yuan, W. & Zhou, J. Derivation of Tri-level Programming Model for Multi-Reservoir Optimal Operation in Inter-Basin Transfer-Diversion-Supply Project. Water Resour Manage 31, 479–494 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11269-016-1540-2
- Inter-basin multi-reservoir operation
- Tri-level programming model
- Particle swarm optimization based on immune evolutionary algorithm(IEA-PSO)
- Hedging rule curves