Water Resources Management

, Volume 31, Issue 2, pp 655–669 | Cite as

Risk-Based Assessment of Drought Mitigation Options: the Case of Syros Island, Greece

  • A. S. Giannikopoulou
  • F. K. Gad
  • E. Kampragou
  • D. Assimacopoulos


Drought-related risk estimation is widely acknowledged as a tool towards enhancing drought preparedness and minimizing impacts on people, the economy and the environment. In this paper a method is proposed for the risk-based assessment and prioritisation of long-term drought mitigation options in order to support decision making for drought planning. The assessment combines water balance modelling, hazard analysis, and risk and cost effectiveness analysis. The proposed approach allows an improved understanding of drought-related risks by following a probabilistic analysis of drought impacts under different mitigation options. The method is applied in a drought-prone area with water scarcity problems, the Greek island of Syros. The assessment focuses on agriculture and domestic water use, the two main water using sectors in the island. Six mitigation options are cross-compared in terms of contribution to future drought risk reduction using three criteria: risk, vulnerability and benefit-cost ratio. The results validate the use of risk-based assessment of mitigation options as a valuable tool for improved drought management.


Drought risk Vulnerability Impact mitigation Syros Island 



Climate projections used in this paper are a result of the EU-funded FP7 project WASSERMed ‘Water Availability and Security in Southern EuRope and the Mediterranean’ (Grant agreement no.: 244255), WP2 ‘Regional Climate and Water Scenarios’. This study has been partially financed by the EU-funded FP7 project DROUGHT-R&SPI ‘Fostering European Drought Research and Science-Policy Interfacing’ (Grant agreement no: 282769).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. S. Giannikopoulou
    • 1
  • F. K. Gad
    • 1
  • E. Kampragou
    • 1
  • D. Assimacopoulos
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Chemical EngineeringNational Technical University of AthensAthensGreece

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