Water Resources Management

, Volume 27, Issue 12, pp 4395–4408 | Cite as

Energy Efficiency and Maintenance Costs of Pumping Systems for Groundwater Extraction

Article

Abstract

Sustainability and profitability of irrigation depends to a great extent on the energy efficiency of the pumping system, as water extraction from wells accounts for most of the energy consumption in irrigation activities all over the world. In this paper a methodology is presented intended to calculate and generalize total maintenance costs in well pumping systems. Likewise, the study has been conducted over 22 well pumping stations with the aim of analyzing the energy efficiency. The results show the essential role played by preventive maintenance works in the improvement of energy and economic efficiency.

Keywords

Pump energy efficiency Well pumping Pumping maintenance 

References

  1. Abadía R, Rocamora MC, Ruiz A, Puerto H (2008) Energy efficiency in irrigation distribution networks I: theory. Biosyst Eng 110:21–27CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Abadía R, Rocamora MC, Córcoles JI, Ruiz-Canales A, Martínez-Romero A, Moreno MA (2010) Comparative analysis of energy efficiency in water users associations. Span J Agric Res 8:134–142, Special issue (S2): Solutions to the water deficit in agricultureGoogle Scholar
  3. Abadía R, Rocamora MC, Vera J (2012) Energy efficiency in irrigation distribution networks II: applications. Biosyst Eng 111:398–411CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Alexandratos N, Bruinsma J (2012) World agriculture towards 2030/2050: the 2012 revision. ESA Working Paper No. 12-03. FAO Agricultural Development Economics DivisionGoogle Scholar
  5. European Commission (2001) Study on improving the energy efficiency of pumps. Available at: http://re.jrc.ec.europa.eu/energyefficiency/motorchallenge/pdf/SAVE_PUMPS_Final_Report_June_2003.pdf. Last accessed: March, 2013
  6. Fleming J (1989) Identification and implementation of effective pumping system energy cost savings. Pumping Cost Savings in the Water Supply Industry Seminar. Institution of Mechanical EngineersGoogle Scholar
  7. Helweg OJ (1982) Economics of improving well and pump efficiency. Ground Water 20(5):556–562CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Jackson TM, Hanjra MA, Khan S, Hafeez MM (2011) Building a climate resilient farm: a risk based approach for understanding water, energy and emissions in irrigated agriculture. Agric Syst 104:729–745CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. MARM-Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino (2002) Plan Nacional de Regadíos, Horizonte 2008. Madrid, Spain. (In Spanish)Google Scholar
  10. MICYT-Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología (2002) Reglamento Electrotécnico para Baja Tensión. Madrid, Spain. (In Spanish)Google Scholar
  11. MICYT-Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología (2003) Guía técnica de aplicación al Reglamento Electrotécnico de Baja Tensión. Anexo 2. Cálculo de caídas de tensión. Madrid, Spain. (In Spanish)Google Scholar
  12. Mora M (2010) Eficiencia energética y costes de mantenimiento de grupos sumergidos de pozo profundo en Comunidades de Regantes. Master’s Thesis. Universidad Miguel Hernández de Elche; Escuela Politécnica Superior de Orihuela, Spain. (In Spanish)Google Scholar
  13. Moreno MA, Carrión PA, Planells P, Ortega JF, Tarjuelo JM (2007) Measurement and improvement of the energy efficiency at pumping stations. Research Paper: SW-Soil and Water. Biosyst Eng 98:479–486 (In Spanish)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Moreno MA, Moraleda DA, Córcoles JI, Tarjuelo JM, Abadía R, Rocamora MC, Ruiz A, Mora M, Vera J, Puerto H, Andreu J, Cámara JM, Melián A (2009) Estudio comparativo sobre medidas de ahorro energético y económico en comunidades de regantes. XXVII Congreso Nacional de Riegos. Murcia, 16–18 de junio de 2009. (In Spanish)Google Scholar
  15. Moreno MA, Corcóles JI, Moraleda DA, Martínez A, Tarjuelo JM (2010a) Optimization of underground water pumping. J Irrig Drain Eng 136:414–420CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Moreno MA, Ortega JF, Córcoles JI, Martinez A, Tarjuelo JM (2010b) Energy analysis of irrigation delivery systems: monitoring and evaluation of proposed measures for improving energy efficiency. Irrig Sci 28(5):445–460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ortiz M, Palomo A (2012) Maintaining deep well submersibles. World pumps magazine April 2012. Elsevier. Digital issue. Available at: http://www.worldpumps.com/download/778. Last accessed: March, 2013
  18. Playán E, Mateos L (2006) Modernization and optimization of irrigation systems to increase water productivity. Agric Water Manag 80:100–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Reeves DT (1960) Deterioration of a centrifugal pump in service. Allen Eng RevGoogle Scholar
  20. Rocamora C, Vera J, Abadía R (2012) Strategy for Efficient Energy Management to solve energy problems in modernized irrigation: analysis of the Spanish case. Irrig Sci. doi: 10.1007/s00271-012-0394-5
  21. Rodríguez JA, Montesinos P, Camacho E (2012) Detecting critical points in on-demand irrigation pressurized networks – a new methodology. Water Resour Manag 26(6):1693–1713CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Siebert S, Burke J, Faures JM, Frenken K, Hoogeveen J, Döll P, Portmann FT (2010) Groundwater use for irrigation – a global inventory. Hydrol Earth Syst Sci 14:1863–1880CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Zektser IS, Everett LG (2004) Groundwater resources of the world and their use, UNESCO IHP-VI Series on Groundwater No 6, UNESCO, Paris, France, Available at: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0013/001344/134433e.pdf. Last accessed: March, 2013

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EngineeringUniversity Miguel HernandezOrihuelaSpain

Personalised recommendations