Water Resources Management

, Volume 27, Issue 7, pp 2353–2368 | Cite as

Flood Hazards Mitigation Analysis Using Remote Sensing and GIS: Correspondence with Town Planning Scheme

Article

Abstract

Flood is an overflow of water that submerges land and the inflow of tide onto land. Floods usually cause large-scale loss of human life and wide spread damage to properties. In this study, integration of the satellite and GIS datasets are carried out to prepare the flood zonation mapping of Surat district, Gujarat, India. High resolution remote sensing images from Google-earth, IRS-1D, 1:50000 topographical maps are combined with hydraulic analysis and digital elevation model (DEM) to identify the flood susceptible area of the various zones divided as North, South, East, West, Central, South-East and South-West validated with the field surveys. The work is extended up to the Town Planning Scheme (TPS), to detect the most vulnerable areas in terms of submergence. Overall analysis indicates that more than 90–95 % of the area would be submerged if the flood of the same frequency happened over this flood plain in the near future. To mitigate the floods hazards, various remedial measures are suggested to lower the degree of danger owing to future flood events.

Keywords

Flood hazards Remote sensing GIS Lower tapi basin Town planning scheme 

Notes

Acknowledgement

We are thankful to the anonymous reviewers for their illuminating comments. The authors would like to express their sincere thanks to Bhaskaracharya Institute For Space Applications and Geo-Informatics, National Bureau of Soil Survey and Land Use Planning, National Resources Information System, Survey of India, Central Water Commission, Irrigation Department, Surat Municipal Corporation and Technical Bulletin-Report on Reconnaissance Soil Survey of Surat District for providing necessary data, facilities and support during the study period.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringDr Jivraj Mehta Institute of TechnologyAnandIndia
  2. 2.Department of Biological and Environmental SciencesNVPAS, Sardar Patel UniversityAnandIndia
  3. 3.Water and Environment Management Research Centre, Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of BristolBristolUK

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