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Water Resources Management

, Volume 27, Issue 7, pp 1913–1930 | Cite as

A Methodology for the Breakdown of NRW into Real and Administrative Losses

  • Abbas Al-Omari
Article

Abstract

The estimation of Non Revenue Water (NRW) is simple and easy for water suppliers who keep records of the system input volume and the billed authorized consumption. However, the breakdown of NRW into its two main components real and administrative which refers to the unbilled authorized consumption plus apparent losses is not an easy or straight forward task. Methods reported in the literature for the breakdown of NRW into its components are top down approach and bottom up approach. Both approaches suffer from certain limitations and shortcomings that limits their use and reduce our confidence in the results obtained by them. This paper presents a methodology that can be used to draw a line between the real and the administrative losses with an acceptable level of accuracy. This methodology is based on the fact that the administrative losses are delivered to the demand site and consequently reach the wastewater collection system whereas the real losses are lost from the system and consequently do not reach the wastewater collection system. The methodology applies water balance from the water treatment plant outlet till the inlet of the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). The mass balance approach of the Water Evaluation And Planning (WEAP) system was implemented for this purpose. In this methodology, the breakdown of NRW into its two main components is adjusted iteratively so that the difference between WEAP calculated and measured inflow to the WWTP is minimal. The presented methodology was applied to Amman and Zarqa cities in Jordan which return their wastewater to As Samra WWTP. The results showed that this methodology is capable of dividing NRW water into its two main components with an acceptable level of accuracy.

Keywords

Administrative losses Non revenue water Real losses Water distribution systems Water Evaluation and Planning system 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Water, Energy and Environment CenterThe University of JordanAmmanJordan

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