Advertisement

Water Resources Management

, Volume 26, Issue 6, pp 1651–1663 | Cite as

Impact of Flood Spreading on Groundwater Level Variation and Groundwater Quality in an Arid Environment

  • R. Ghazavi
  • A. B. Vali
  • S. Eslamian
Article

Abstract

In arid and semiarid areas, bimodal and high rainfall leads to infrequent flood that can be extremely damaging. To reduce the impacts of persistent intra-seasonal drought and also to reduce flood damaging in arid and semiarid areas, rainwater storage is a prerequisite that keeps water far from evapotranspiration, increases groundwater level and decreases flood hazards modification to exchange between surface water and groundwater through flood spreading, dams, etc. The purpose of this paper is to delineate and explain variations in groundwater recharge and groundwater quality along an ephemeral stream that has been modified by flood spreading. Groundwater samples were collected from 14 deep wells located at different distances from flood spreading projection area (FSPA) in 1 month interval during September 2005 to September 2008. Groundwater quality was followed via Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Cl-, Hco 3 - SO 4 2- , Electrical Conductivity (EC) and pH measurements for two time periods between 2005 and 2008. The results show significant impact of flood spreading in groundwater table and groundwater salinity variation. Groundwater table decreased in all study wells, but groundwater drawdown increased by increasing the distance to FSPA (during 4 years study, 11.02 m in the well located at 20 m of FSPA versus 38.88 in the well located at 1,825 m). Also ion concentration increased in all of the wells during the study period, but the increasing ion concentration was significantly less important in FSPA closeness.

Keywords

Groundwater level variation Groundwater quality Flood spreading Over-exploitation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors should thank Mr Farokhnejad and Mr Askari for their assistance with the many laborious field measurements needed to derive the data for this paper. The fieldwork was supported by a grant from the Shiraz University. Three anonymous reviewers made valuable suggestions for improving the presentation of the paper.

References

  1. Aeschbacher J, Liniger HP, Weingartner R (2005) River water shortage in a highland–lowland system: a case study of the impacts of water abstraction in the Mount Kenya region. Mt Res Dev 25(2):155–162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Al-Qudah KH, Abu-Jabe N (2009) A GIS database for sustainable management of shallow water resources in the Tulul al Ashaqif region, NE Jordan. Water Resour Manag 23(3):603–615CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Angier J, McCarty G, Prestegaard KL (2005) Hydrology of first order riparian zone and stream, Mid-Atlantic coastal plain. Maryland J Hydrol 309:149–166Google Scholar
  4. Asano T, Cotruvo JA (2005) Groundwater recharge with reclaimed municipal wastewater: health and regulatory considerations. Water Res 38(8):1941–1951CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Başağaoğlu H, Mariňo MA (1999) Joint management of surface and groundwater supplies. Ground Water 37(2):214–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Besbes M, Delhome JP, Marsily G (1978) Estimating recharge from ephemeral streams in arid regions: a case study at Kairouan, Tunisia. Water Resour Res 14:281–290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Boronina A, Renard P, Balderer W, Christodoulides A (2003) Groundwater resources in the Kouris catchment (Cyprus): data analysis and numerical modeling. J Hydrol 271:130–149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Chenini I, Ben MA (2010) Groundwater recharge study in arid region: an approach using GIS techniques and numerical modeling. Comput Geosci 36(6):801–817CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Daskalaki P, Voudouris K, Diamantopoulou P (1998) Hydrochemical study of North Peloponnesus quaternary and plio-pleistocene aquifers. Proc. Int. Con. Protection and restoration of the environment IV, Sani, Greece I, pp 108–116Google Scholar
  10. Dhruva Narayana VV, Sastry G, Patnaik US (1990) Watershed management. New delhi, p 176Google Scholar
  11. Eslamian S, Nekoueinejad B (2009) A review on interaction of groundwater and surface water. Int J Water 5(2):89–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ghazavi R, Thomas Z, Hamon Y, Marie JC, Corson M, Merot P (2008) Hedgerow impacts on soil-water transfer due to rainfall interception and root-water uptake. Hydrolog Process 22(24):4723–4735CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Ghazavi R, Vali AB, Eslamian S (2010) Impact of flood spreading on infiltration rate and soil properties in an arid environment. Water Resour Manag 24(11):2781–2793CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hayashi M (2002) Effects of ground water exchange on the hydrology and ecology of surface water. Groundwater 40(3):217–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hedelin B (2007) Criteria for the assessment of sustainable water management. Environ Manage 39(2):151–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jolly ID, McEwan KL, Holland KL (2008) A review of groundwater-surface water interactions in arid/semi-arid wetlands and the consequences of salinity for wetland ecology. Ecohydrology 1:43–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kithinji GRM, Liniger HP (1991) Strategy for water conservation in Laikipia district. Proceedings of a water conservation seminar, Nanyuki, 7–11 AugustGoogle Scholar
  18. Kondolf GM, Maloney LM, Williams JG (1987) Effects of bank storage and well pumping on base flow, Carmel River, Monterey County, California. J Hydrol 91:351–369CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kowsar A (1990) Artificial recharge of groundwater for small—scale water development in rural areas: a case-study. Paper presented at the Int. Symp. Devel Small-Scale Water Resour. in Rural Areas, 21–25 May 1990, Khon Kaen, ThailandGoogle Scholar
  20. Kowsar A (1992) Desertification control through floodwater spreading in Iran. Unasylva 43(168):27–30Google Scholar
  21. Minville M, Krau S, Brissette F, Leconte R (2010) Behaviour and performance of a water resource system in Québec (Canada) under adapted operating policies in a climate change context. Water Resour Manag 24:1333–1352CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ngigi SN, Savenije HHG, Gichuki FN (2008) Hydrological impacts of flood storage and management on irrigation water abstraction in upper ewaso Ng’iro River Basin, Kenya. Water Resour Manag 22:1859–1879CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Panagopoulos A, Voudouris K, Koumantakis J, Hionidi M (2001) Groundwater evolution of the northern Corinthian region coastal aquifer system, as indicated by Hydrochemistry, Proc. 9th Int. Conf. of the Geological Society of Greece, Athens, GreeceGoogle Scholar
  24. Peterjohn WT, Correll DL (1984) Nutrient dynamics in agricultural watershed: observations on the role of a riparian forest. Ecology 65:1466–1475CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Rahnama M, Mirabbasi R (2009) Effect of groundwater table decline on groundwater quality in Sirjan watershed. Arab J Sci Eng 35(1B):197–210Google Scholar
  26. Rao SN, Saroja Nirmala I, Suryanarayana K (2005) Groundwater quality in a coastal area: a case study from Andhra Pradesh, India. Environ Geol 48:543–550CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Rassam D (2005) Impacts of hillslope floodplain characteristics on groundwater dynamics: implications for riparian denitrification. In: The International Congress on Modelling and Simulation, December 12–15. Melbourne, AustraliaGoogle Scholar
  28. Rejani R, Madan KJ, Panda SN, Mull R (2008) Simulation modeling for efficient groundwater management in Balasore coastal basin, India. Water Resour Manag 22(1):23–50CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Roberts PV (1980) Water reuse for groundwater recharge: an overview. J Am Water Works Assoc 72(7):375Google Scholar
  30. Stephens GL, Ellis TD (2008) Controls of global mean precipitation increases in global warming GCM experiments. J Clim 21:6141–6155Google Scholar
  31. Todd GK (1995) Groundwater flow in relation to the flooding stream. Proc Am Soc Civ Eng 81(628):20–28Google Scholar
  32. Turner GM, Baynes TM, McInnis BC (2010) A water accounting system for strategic Water Management. Water Resour Manag 24:513–545CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Voudouris KS, DaskalaKi P, Antonakos A (2005) Water resources and groundwater quality in north Peloponnesus (Greece). Global Nest J 7(3):340–353Google Scholar
  34. Xia J, Zhang L, Liu C, Yu J (2007) Towards better water security in North China. Water Resour Manag 21(1):233–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Watershed ManagementKashan UniversityKashanIran
  2. 2.Department of Water EngineeringIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran

Personalised recommendations