Water Resources Management

, Volume 26, Issue 15, pp 4569–4586 | Cite as

A Simulation-Based Optimization Model for Flood Management on a Watershed Scale

Article

Abstract

Using structural and nonstructural measures for flood damage reduction is a long-standing problem in water resources planning and management. In the present study, an algorithm is presented for the optimal design of structural and nonstructural flood mitigation measures based on simulation-based optimization approach. For this purpose, the MIKE-11 simulation model, a one-dimensional hydrodynamic model, was used to calculate the potential damages of different flood scenarios under the various combinations of structural and nonstructural measures and this model was coupled with the NSGA-II multi-objective optimization model to provide the optimal Pareto solutions between two conflict objectives of minimizing the investment costs of flood mitigation measures and the potential damages of the floodplain. The proposed model was then applied to a small watershed in central part of Iran as a case study and the optimal trade-off solutions were calculated for different flood scenarios. Using these trade-offs, for each level of funding, decision makers can assign the optimal design of flood mitigation measures considering decision criteria.

Keywords

Flood Nonstructural NSGA-II Optimization Pareto Structural Trade-off 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Civil and Environmental EngineeringTarbiat Modares UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Faculty of Civil and Environmental EngineeringTarbiat Modares UniversityTehranIran

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