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Implementation of Hydraulic Modelling for Water-Loss Reduction Through Pressure Management


This study was conducted in the Konyaalti Water Distribution Network in Antalya, Turkey. The study area was divided into 18 district metered areas (DMAs) for better management of water losses. Water levels in reservoirs, flow rates, and water pressures were monitored on-line by the SCADA data system. A hydraulic model was calibrated and verified for each DMA using data provided by SCADA. The model results revealed that a number of DMAs exhibited high pressures, greater than 3.5 bars, and high minimum night flow (MNF) throughout the year. Also, the Infrastructure Leakage Index (ILI) for the study area was greater than 20, indicating high water losses. As a result of these findings, a pressure reducing valve (PRV) was installed at DMA No. 2 as an example and set at 3.0 bars resulting in considerable reduction in water losses. The optimum pressure level for setting the PRV was chosen using the hydraulic model. The same model was used to predict water savings due to pressure reduction. The predicted water savings were verified using long periods of flow rates and water pressure profiles. The predicted and measured water savings showed good agreement. The study concluded that hydraulic modelling is essential for applying appropriate pressure management strategies.

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This research study was supported by The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (Project No. 107G088), Antalya Water and Wastewater Administration (ASAT) of Antalya Metropolitan Municipality and Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey. Thanks to Dr. Michael Burkart from Geological and Atmospheric Sciences, Iowa State University, USA for his valuable editing review and comments.

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Correspondence to A. Muhammetoglu.

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Karadirek, I.E., Kara, S., Yilmaz, G. et al. Implementation of Hydraulic Modelling for Water-Loss Reduction Through Pressure Management. Water Resour Manage 26, 2555–2568 (2012).

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  • Leakage modeling
  • Pressure management
  • Water loss
  • Water saving