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Water Resources Management

, 25:3091 | Cite as

Modeling Rainwater Storage in Distributed Reservoir Systems in Humid Subtropical and Tropical Savannah Regions

  • Pramod K. Pandey
  • Michelle L. Soupir
  • Vijay P. Singh
  • Sudhindra N. Panda
  • Vinay Pandey
Article

Abstract

Using a hydrologic model this study estimated rainwater storages in field-scale on-farm reservoir (OFR) systems at two locations: (1) Fort Worth, Texas, US; (2) Kharagpur, West Bengal, India. The water storages were estimated for variable OFR sizes: 1%, 5%, 10%, 15%, and 25% of the farm area. Water losses through seepage and evaporation were estimated using variable saturated hydraulic conductivity conditions: 0.33, 0.64, 1.3, 5 cm/h, which corresponded to the ranges of hydraulic conductivity of loam, sandy loam, loamy sand, and sandy soils, respectively. Results indicated that the water loss through evaporation was dominant at the first location, while seepage was at the second location. Changing the OFR sizes captured 5 to 28% of the total rainfall received in the farm area of the first location and 20–40% at the second location. Finally, a comparative economic analysis was made between a distributed OFR system and a centralized large reservoir that indicated that the distributed OFR system benefits exceeded the benefits of a large reservoir.

Keywords

On-farm reservoir Rainwater harvesting Reservoir 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pramod K. Pandey
    • 1
  • Michelle L. Soupir
    • 1
  • Vijay P. Singh
    • 2
  • Sudhindra N. Panda
    • 3
  • Vinay Pandey
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Agricultural and Biosystems EngineeringIowa State UniversityAmesUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering and Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringTexas A & M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  3. 3.Department of Agricultural and Food EngineeringIndian Institute of TechnologyKharagpurIndia
  4. 4.BRSM College of Agricultural Engineering and TechnologyIndira Gandhi Krishi Viswavidyalaya, IGKVRaipurIndia

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