Water Resources Management

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 641–659 | Cite as

Integrated Use of a Continuous Simulation Model and Multi-Attribute Decision-Making for Ranking Urban Watershed Management Alternatives

  • Eun-Sung Chung
  • Won-Pyo Hong
  • Kil Seong Lee
  • Steven J. Burian


The objective of this paper is to introduce a continuous simulation-based screening procedure for ranking urban watershed management alternatives using multi-attribute decision making (MADM). The procedure integrates continuous urban runoff simulation results from the United States Environmental Protection Agency’s Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) with the use of an alternative evaluation index (AEI) and MADM techniques, following the driver-pressure-state-impact-response (DPSIR) approach. The analytic hierarchy process estimates the weights of the criteria, and SWMM results are used to quantify the effects of the management alternatives on water quantity and quality metrics. In addition, the tendency of AEI to reflect resident preferences toward management objectives is incorporated to include stakeholder participation in the decision-making process. This systematic decision support process is demonstrated for a Korean urban watershed. According to the AEI, seven alternatives were divided into three groups: poor (0∼0.3), acceptable (0.3∼0.6), and good (0.6∼1). The use of multiple MADM techniques provided a consistency check. The demonstration illustrates the ability of the continuous simulation-based MADM approach to provide decision makers with a ranking of suitable urban watershed management alternatives which incorporate stakeholder feedback.


Alternative evaluation index Decision support system Urban watershed management DPSIR 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eun-Sung Chung
    • 1
  • Won-Pyo Hong
    • 2
  • Kil Seong Lee
    • 3
  • Steven J. Burian
    • 4
  1. 1.College of Civil EngineeringSeoul National University of Science and TechnologyNowon-guRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Daerim CorporationSeoulRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Civil & Environmental EngineeringSeoul National UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Civil & Environmental EngineeringUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA

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