Water Resources Management

, 24:363 | Cite as

A Sustainable Decision Support Framework for Urban Water Management

  • Leonie J. Pearson
  • Anthea Coggan
  • Wendy Proctor
  • Timothy F. Smith
Article

Abstract

This paper develops a decision support framework that assists managers in the urban water industry to analyse a mix of water service options, at the whole-of-city scale. The decision support framework moves decision-making in urban water systems from traditional command and control approaches that tend to focus on an outcome at a point in time to a more sustainable, inclusive and dynamic decision-making process driven by social learning and engagement. While available models and evaluation techniques provide valuable input to decision-making, the complex nature of urban water systems requires more than just social and economic criteria to be considered as part of decision support frameworks. The authors believe that current decision support frameworks need to be presented in a way that incorporates adaptive management and integrated urban water management strengths at the strategic and operational level. The inclusion of social learning and engagement is necessary to achieving this end.

Keywords

Social learning Sustainable decision-making Urban water 

References

  1. Allan C, Curtis A (2003) Learning to implement adaptive management. Nat Resour Manage 6:23–28Google Scholar
  2. Arnstein S (1969) A ladder of citizen participation. J Am Inst Plann 35(4):216–224. doi:10.1080/01944366908977225 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. ASCE/ UNESCO (1998) Sustainability criteria for water resource systems. Prepared by the Task Committee on Sustainability Criteria Water Resources Planning and Management Division, ASCE, Reston VAGoogle Scholar
  4. Biggs J (1999) Teaching for quality learning at university. Society for Research into Higher Education and Open University Press, Buckingham, UKGoogle Scholar
  5. Brown R (2005) Impediments to integrated urban stormwater management: the need for institutional reform. Environ Manag 36(3):455–468CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Buchy M, Race D (2001) The twists and turns of community participation in natural resource management in Australia: what is missing? J Environ Plan Manag 44(3):293–308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Burkhard R, Deletic A, Craig A (2000) Techniques for water and wastewater management: a review of techniques and their integration in planning. Urban Water 2:197–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Butler D, Makropoulos C (2006) Water related infrastructure for sustainable communities. Technological options and scenarios for infrastructure systems. Science report SC05002501. Environment Agency. ISBN: 184432611X 125 pp. Available online: http://publications.environment-agency.gov.uk
  9. Butler D, Schütze M (2005) Integrating simulation models with a view to optimal control of urban wastewater systems. Environ Model Softw 20(4):415–426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Dwyer T (2007) Urban water policy: in need of economics. Agenda 13(1):3–16Google Scholar
  11. Erbe V, Frehmann T, Geiger W et al (2002) Integrated modelling as an analysing and optimisation tool for urban watershed management. Water Sci Technol 46:141–150Google Scholar
  12. European Commission (EC) (2000) Water framework directive 2000/60/EC. European Commission, BrusselsGoogle Scholar
  13. Ewing S, Grayson R, Argent R (2000) Science, citizens, and catchments: decision support for catchment planning in Australia. Soc Nat Resour 13:443–459CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Fang C-L, Bao C, Huang J-C (2007) Management implications to water resources constraint force on socio-economic system in rapid urbanization: a case study of Hexi Corridor, NW China. Water Resour Manag 21:1613–1633CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Fien J (1993) Education for the environment: critical curriculum theorising and environmental education. Deakin University Press, GeelongGoogle Scholar
  16. Global Water Partnership (2000) Introducing effective water governance. Global Water Partnership, StockholmGoogle Scholar
  17. GRI (2002) Sustainability reporting guidelines, G3. Available via http://www.globalreporting.org/NR/rdonlyres/ED9E9B36-AB54–4DE1-BFF2–5F735235CA44/0/G3_GuidelinesENU.pdf. Cited 17 July 2007
  18. Hall D (2007) The watertime project. Util Policy 15(2):61–160CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hall D, Lobina E (2007) Watertime: good practice recommendations. Available from http://watertime.net/. Citied 19 July 2007
  20. Harremoes P (1997) Integrated water and waste management. Water Sci Technol 35(9):11–20CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Harremoes P (2002) Water ethics—a substitute for over-regulation. Water Sci Technol 45(8):113–124Google Scholar
  22. Hatfield-Dodds S, Syme G, Leitch A (2007) Improving Australian water management: the contribution of social values research. Reform 89:44–48Google Scholar
  23. Hellstrom D, Jeppsson U, Karrman E (2000) A framework for systems analysis of sustainable urban water management. Environ Impact Assess Rev 20(3):311–321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hellstrom D, Hjerpe M, van Moeffaert D (2004) Indicators to assess ecological sustainability in the Urban Water sector. Report 2004:3, The Mistra Programme, Urban WaterGoogle Scholar
  25. Holling C (ed) (1978) Adaptive environmental management and assessment. Wiley, ChichesterGoogle Scholar
  26. Islam M, Oki T, Kanae S et al (2007) A grid-based assessment of global water scarcity including virtual water trading. Water Resour Manag 21(1):19–33CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. ISO 14040 (1999) ISO 14041: Environmental management—life cycle assessment—goal and scope definition and inventory analysisGoogle Scholar
  28. Jury W, Vaux H Jr (2005) The role of Science in solving the world’s emerging water problems. Science 102(44):15715–15720Google Scholar
  29. Korfmacher K (2001) The politics of participation in watershed modelling. Environ Manag 27:161–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lai E, Lundie S, Ashbold NJ (2009) Review of multi-criteria decision aid for integrated sustainability assessment of urban water system. Urban Water J 5(4):315–327CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Larsen T and Gujer W (1997) The concept of sustainable urban water management. Water Sci Technol 35(9):3–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Lawrence P, Bennett J (2002) Improved planning and management in coastal environments using an adaptive management framework. J Australian Water Assoc 29(6):18–27Google Scholar
  33. Lee KN (1999) Appraising adaptive management. Conservation Ecology 3:3–16Google Scholar
  34. Leviston Z, Porter N, Nancarrow B (2006) Interpreting householder preferences to evaluate water supply systems. Stage 3. Report to CSIRO Water for a Healthy Country. CSIRO Land and Water, PerthGoogle Scholar
  35. Lindah G, Gilbrich W (1996) Water in an urbanizing world. Nat Resour 32(2):31–34Google Scholar
  36. Lundie S, Ashbolt N, Livingston D et al (2005) Methodology for evaluating the overall sustainability of urban water systems. The University of New South Wales, Centre for Water and Waste TechnologyGoogle Scholar
  37. Lundqvist J, Tortajada C, Varis O, Biswas A (2005) Water management in megacities. Ambio 34(3):267–268Google Scholar
  38. Maheepala S, Blackmore J (2007) Integrated urban water management for cities. In: Newton P (ed) Transition. CSIRO publishingGoogle Scholar
  39. Makropoulos CK, Natsis K, Liu S, Mittas K, Butler D (2008) Decision support for sustainable option selection in integrated urban water management. Environ Model Softw 23(12):1448–1460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Malqvist P-A, Palmquist H (2005) Decision support tools for urban water and wastewater systems—focusing on hazardous flows assessment. Water Sci Technol 51(8):41–49Google Scholar
  41. Mannina G, Freni G, Viviani G, Sægrov S, Hafskjold LS (2006) Integrated urban water modelling with uncertainty analysis. Water Sci Technol 54(6–7):379–386Google Scholar
  42. Marks J, Zadoroznyj M (2005) Managing sustainable urban water reuse: structural context and cultures of trust. Soc Nat Resour 18:557–572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. McManus R, Brown R (2002) The increasing organisational uptake of source control approaches for sustainable stormwater management. In: Proceedings of the 9th international conference on urban storm drainage—CDROM, 30 August–3 September 2002, Portland, OR, USAGoogle Scholar
  44. Mitchell V (2006) Applying integrated urban water management concepts: a review of Australian experience. Environ Manag 37(5):589–605CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Moorehouse B (2000) Climate impacts on urban water resources in the Southwest; the importance of context. J Am Water Resour Assoc 36(2):265–277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. NSW (2006) 2006 Metropolitan water plan: water for life. State Government of New South WalesGoogle Scholar
  47. Pahl-Wostl C (2007) Transitions towards adaptive management of water facing climate and global change. Water Resour Manag 21(1):49–62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Pahl-Wostl C, Borowski I (2007) Methods for participatory water resources management. Water Resour Manag 21(7):1047–1261CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Pahl-Wostl C, Craps M, Dewulf A et al (2007a) Social learning and water resources management. Ecol Soc 12(2):5. http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol12/iss2/art5/ Google Scholar
  50. Pahl-Wostl C, Craps M, Dewulf A, Mostert E, Tabara D, Taillieu T (2007b) Social learning and water resources management. Ecol Soc 12(2):5. http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol12/iss2/art5/ Google Scholar
  51. Pahl-Wostl C, Mostert E, Tàbara D (2008) The growing importance of social learning in water resources management and sustainability science. Ecol Soc 13(1):24. http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol13/iss1/art24/ Google Scholar
  52. Pretty J (1995) Participatory learning for sustainable agriculture. World Dev 23(8):1247–1263CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Rauch W, Bertrand-Krajewski J, Krebs P et al (2002) Mathematical modelling of integrated urban drainage systems. Water Sci Technol 45:81–94Google Scholar
  54. Rauch W, Seggelke K, Brown R, Krebs P (2005) Integrated approaches in urban storm drainage: where do we stand? Environ Manag 35(4):396–409CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Rees W (1992) Ecological footprints and appropriated carrying capacity: what urban economics leaves out. Environ Urban 4(2):121–130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Renn O, Webler T, Wiedeman P (eds) (1995) Fairness and competence in citizen participation; evaluating models for environmental discourse. Kluwer Academic, LondonGoogle Scholar
  57. Ross H, Buchy M, Proctor W (2002) Laying down the ladder: a typology of public participation in Australian natural resource management. Aust J Environ Manag 9:205–217Google Scholar
  58. Smith T, Lazarow N (2004) Social learning and the adaptive management framework. J Coast Res SI 39:952–954, ISSN 0749-0208Google Scholar
  59. Smith T, Smith D (2006) Institutionalising adaptive learning for coastal management. In: Lazarow N, Souter R, Fearon R, Dovers S (eds) Coastal management in Australia: key institutional and governance issues for coastal natural resource management and planning. CRC for Coastal Zone, Estuary and Waterway Management, Brisbane, pp 115–120Google Scholar
  60. Syme G (1996) The future of public involvement. Water J 23(1):3Google Scholar
  61. Syme G, Hatfield-Dodds S (2007) The role of communication and attitude research in the evolution of effective resource management arrangements. In: Hussey K, Dovers S (eds) Managing water for Australia: the social and institutional challenges. CSIRO PublishingGoogle Scholar
  62. Tàbara JD, Pahl-Wostl C (2007) Sustainability learning in natural resource use and management. Ecol Soc 12(2):3. http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol12/iss2/art3/ Google Scholar
  63. Taylor A, Fletcher T, Peljo L (2006) Triple-bottom-line assessment of stormwater quality projects: advances in practicality, flexibility and rigour. Urban Water J 3(2):79–90(12)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Wondolleck J, Yaffee S (2000) Making collaboration work: lessons from innovation in natural resource management. Island Press, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  65. Yoo S-H (2007) Urban water consumption and regional economic growth: the case of Taejeon, Korea. Water Resour Manag 21(8):1353–1361CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonie J. Pearson
    • 1
  • Anthea Coggan
    • 2
  • Wendy Proctor
    • 3
  • Timothy F. Smith
    • 4
  1. 1.CSIRO Sustainable EcosystemsHighettAustralia
  2. 2.CSIRO Sustainable EcosystemsSt LuciaAustralia
  3. 3.CSIRO Sustainable EcosystemsGungahlinAustralia
  4. 4.University of the Sunshine CoastMaroochydoreAustralia

Personalised recommendations