Water Resources Management

, Volume 23, Issue 9, pp 1863–1873 | Cite as

Estimating Land Use Impacts on Regional Scale Urban Water Balance and Groundwater Recharge

  • Bin HeEmail author
  • Yi Wang
  • Keiji Takase
  • Goro Mouri
  • Bam H. N. Razafindrabe


Anthropogenic activities have exerted increasingly large-scale influences on terrestrial ecological systems from the past century, primarily through agriculture; however, the impact of such changes on the hydrologic cycle is poorly understood. As one of the important land use (LU) in the coastal Dogo Plain of the Seto Inland Sea, Japan, paddy fields have been decreasing with the increase in urbanization in recent decades. As the main source of water in the Dogo Plain, groundwater plays an important role in providing people with fresh water and contributing to stream base flow. The purpose of this study is to analyze the water resource and evaluate the effect of LU change on groundwater table fluctuation in this coastal plain. Firstly, the observations of groundwater table and the investigation of water balance were carried out in this alluvial plain. Then, a distributed four-block three-layer water balance model was employed to analyze the groundwater table fluctuation with response to the change of paddy field area. Moreover, the role of paddy field in recharging groundwater in the basin has been clarified. Results show that groundwater table depends not only on rainfall and discharge from rivers, but also on irrigation water and topology of the study area. The net groundwater recharge was positive in irrigation periods whereas that in non-irrigation periods was nearly equal to zero or negative. The results of this study would be helpful to the urban development policy and land use planning decision.


Land use change Paddy field Coastal plain Groundwater recharge 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bin He
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yi Wang
    • 2
    • 3
  • Keiji Takase
    • 4
  • Goro Mouri
    • 1
  • Bam H. N. Razafindrabe
    • 5
  1. 1.Institute of Industrial Sciencethe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Environment and Sustainable Development Programme, United Nations University (UNU Centre)TokyoJapan
  3. 3.Institute of Environmental Studies, Graduate School of Frontier SciencesThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Faculty of AgricultureEhime UniversityMatsuyamaJapan
  5. 5.International Environment and Disaster Management, Graduate School of Global Environmental StudiesKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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