Advertisement

Water Resources Management

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 409–425 | Cite as

Application of the high performance computing techniques of parflow simulator to model groundwater flow at Azraq basin

  • Wa’il Y. Abu-El-Sha’rEmail author
  • Jehan F. Rihani
Article

Abstract

Being one of the largest groundwater basins in Jordan, the Azraq basin is considered to be an important domestic and agricultural water source. Lately, there have been growing concerns about the continuous depletion and deterioration in groundwater quality in the basin due to intensive pumping beyond the safe yield of the basin. This is where assessment studies equipped with the proper modeling tools come into the picture. The highly advanced groundwater model, ParFlow, was utilized in this project in order to model groundwater flow in the basin. ParFlow employs the latest numerical techniques along with the massive power of parallel computing to utilize three-dimensional heterogeneity in groundwater flow modeling. This was tested against the homogeneous assumptions employed in more commonly used models such as Processing Modflow. Modeling results were compared to those produced by the PM5 modeling studies conducted by relevant official agencies in Jordan. Furthermore, the calibrated flow model was used to predict the aquifer system's response to a pumpage scheme of 55.5 MCM/year. The results showed that the maximum drawdown predicted by ParFlow was greater than the amount predicted by Modflow for the same pumping scheme. One of the causes of this difference in predictions may be attributed to the fact that ParFlow gives a general, more comprehensive picture of the system at hand, as opposed to the point dependent results obtained via Modflow.

Keywords

ParFlow Azraq basin Modflow High performance computing Modeling Parallel processing 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Agrar, Hydrotechnik, GTZ (1977) National water master plan of Jordan, Essen. Hannover 8Google Scholar
  2. Al-Hadidi KH, Subah A (2001) Jordan badia research and development program: Integrated studies of Azraq Basin for optimum utilization of the natural resources, water group. Unpublished Report, The Higher Council for Science and Technolgy. Amman, Jordan 4Google Scholar
  3. Al-Waheidi MM (1990) Geoelectrical Resistivity of The Central Part of Azraq Basin. M.Sc. Thesis, University of Jordan. Amman, JordanGoogle Scholar
  4. Ashby SF (1996) ParFlow Home Page: http://www.llnl.gov/CASC/ParFlow
  5. Ashby SF, et al. (2001) ParFlow user's manual, University of CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
  6. Ashby SF, et al. (1994) Modeling groundwater flow on MPPs. Scalable Parallel Libraries Conference. IEEE computer Society Press, held at Mississippi State University. USA p 17–25Google Scholar
  7. Ayed R (1986) Surface water resources in Azraq Basin. Unpublished Report, Water Authority of Jordan. Amman, JordanGoogle Scholar
  8. Ayed R (1996) Hydrological and Hydrogeological Study of The Azraq Basin, Jordan. Ph.D. Thesis, University of Baghdad. Baghdad, IraqGoogle Scholar
  9. Hatamleh RI (2001) Using ModFlow and MT3D groundwater flow and transport models as a management tool for the Azraq Groundwater system. M.Sc. Thesis, Jordan University of Science and Technology. Irbid, JordanGoogle Scholar
  10. Humphreys H, Sons (1978) Water Use Strategy, North Jordan. Water Resources. London, Amman 2Google Scholar
  11. Jordanian consulting engineers (JCE) (1997) Water quality model (Transport model) in the Azraq Basin. Final Report, Prepared for The Water Authority of Jordan. Amman, JordanGoogle Scholar
  12. Mudallal UH (1967) Water balance study in Azraq Area. Unpublished Report, National Resources Authority. Amman, JordanGoogle Scholar
  13. Parker DH (1970) The hydrogeology of the Mesozoic-Cenozoic Aquifers of the western highlands and plateau of East Jordan. Amman, Jordan 1, 2Google Scholar
  14. Rimawi O (1985) Hydrochemistry and isotope hydrology of the ground and surface water in north jordan (NE of Mafraq, Dhuleil-Hallabat, Azraq Basin). Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation, Tech. University of Munich. Munich, GermanyGoogle Scholar
  15. Tompson AF, et al. (1994) On the role of high performance computing for simulating subsurface flow and chemical migration. International Conference on Finite Elements in Fluids – New Trends and Applications, held in Barcelona. SpainGoogle Scholar
  16. Tompson AF, et al. (1998) Analysis of subsurface contaminant migration and remediation using high performance computing. Adv. Water Resources, LLNL. USA 22(3):203–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Tompson AF, et al. (1999) Analysis of groundwater migration from artificial recharge in a large Urban Aquifer: A simulation perspective. Water Resources Research 35(10):2981–2998CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. United Nations, General Report on The Groundwater Investigation of The Azraq Basin. Prepared for the Government of Jordan by the United Nation acting as the executing agency for the United Nation Development Program, N.Y 1966Google Scholar
  19. UNDP-Azraq oasis conservation project, simulation of the groundwater flow in the Azraq Basin. Studies on The Water Resources Sub-Project. Amman, Jordan 1996Google Scholar
  20. WAJ (1989) Investigation of water resources in North Jordan, Azraq Basin water resources. Water Authority of Jordan. Amman, JordanGoogle Scholar
  21. Worzyk PH, Huser M (1987) Geoelectrical survey in the Azraq Area of northeast jordan. Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources Federal Republic of Germany. HannoverGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringJordan University of Science and TechnologyIrbidJordan
  2. 2.Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

Personalised recommendations