Water Resources Management

, Volume 20, Issue 6, pp 931–948 | Cite as

Fuzzy Multiobjective and Linear Programming Based Management Models for Optimal Land-Water-Crop System Planning

  • Bhabagrahi Sahoo
  • Anil K. LohaniEmail author
  • Rohit K. Sahu


In this article, linear programming and fuzzy optimization models are developed for planning and management of available land-water-crop system of Mahanadi-Kathajodi delta in eastern India. The models are used to optimize the economic return, production and labour utilization, and to search the related cropping patterns and intensities with specified land, water, fertilizer and labour availability, and water use pattern constraints. Due to extreme backwardness of the study area, it has been decided to keep all the three objectives of the linear programming models at the same priority level to obtain the compromised solution in a fuzzy environment that incorporates the imprecision in fuzzy goals and fuzzy constraints. These non-structural models facilitate the conjunctive use of available surface water and groundwater resources. A comparative evaluation along with the benefit-cost ratios of the existing and proposed farming systems is also presented.


benefit-cost ratio conjunctive use fuzzy optimization linear programming Mahanadi-Kathajodi delta optimal planning 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bhabagrahi Sahoo
    • 1
  • Anil K. Lohani
    • 2
    Email author
  • Rohit K. Sahu
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of HydrologyIndian Institute of Technology RoorkeeRoorkeeIndia
  2. 2.National Institute of HydrologyRoorkeeIndia
  3. 3.AgFE DepartmentIndian Institute of Technology KharagpurKharagpurIndia

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