Between Rhetoric and Action: Do NGOs Go Where They Are Needed?

  • Dipendra K. C. 
Original Paper


This research analyzes the factors that determine the placement of development NGOs in Nepal through the examination of the placement data of 39,606 NGOs. Using multivariate ordinary least squares, this investigation demonstrates that the location of an NGO is determined by: level of community needs, resource availability, and the level of political engagement. NGOs are in fact active where their support services are in high demand. However, the other two determinants: ‘resource dependency’ and ‘political engagement’ suggest that development outcomes may be limited due to placement concentration in areas of high human resource availability and high political activity.


Nonprofit location Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) Nepal Geographic placement 



I thank my colleagues Austina Karma Gurung, Chris Oestereich, Istvan Rado, Stéphane P. Rousseau, Pearl Phaovisaid, Daniel McFarlane, and three anonymous reviewers for their valuable feedback in the earlier version of this work.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The author declares no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© International Society for Third-Sector Research and The Johns Hopkins University 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Global StudiesThammasat UniversityPathum ThaniThailand
  2. 2.National Institute of Development AdministrationBangkokThailand

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