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Social Entrepreneur: Same or Different from the Rest?

  • Catalina Nicolás Martínez
  • Alicia Rubio Bañón
  • Ana Fernández Laviada
Original Paper
  • 72 Downloads

Abstract

A social business responds to social problems usually ignored by institutions, mobilizing resources and generating employment. To gain more knowledge about this type of enterprise, the key factors that may influence social entrepreneurship are studied and compared with nonsocial entrepreneurship. This enables advances in the scientific literature and the design of more effective policies that encourage the creation of social enterprises. To achieve this goal, after delimiting the area of study, a sample of 25,631 entrepreneurs in 59 countries was used; 9792 of these are social entrepreneurs collected by the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor project in 2015 when a special issue focused on this topic. The results show that the majority of the factors that determine the decision to undertake nonsocial entrepreneurship also condition the individual to undertake social entrepreneurship, although the nature of their relationship or the intensity of the influence changes.

Keywords

Entrepreneurship Social entrepreneur Personality Individual variables Subjective variables 

Resumen

Una empresa social, además de movilizar recursos y generar empleo, da respuesta a problemas sociales desatendidos por las instituciones. Para profundizar en el conocimiento de los factores que influyen en la creación de una empresa social, en este trabajo se analizan las características del emprendedor social en comparación con el emprendedor no social. Esto permitirá avanzar en la literatura, identificando aquellos factores condicionantes en la creación de empresas sociales, lo que contribuirá a diseñar políticas más efectivas que impulsen la creación de empresas sociales. Para conseguir este objetivo, tras delimitar conceptualmente el ámbito de estudio, se analiza una muestra de 18.858 emprendedores de 59 países de los cuales 9.792 son emprendedores sociales, recogida por el proyecto GEM en 2015 cuando destinaron un monográfico especial a este tema. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que la mayoría de factores que determinan la decisión de emprender no socialmente también condicionan al individuo a la hora de emprender socialmente, aunque cambiando su relación o la intensidad de su influencia.

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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© International Society for Third-Sector Research and The Johns Hopkins University 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Management and Finance, Faculty of Economics and BusinessUniversity of MurciaEspinardo, MurciaSpain
  2. 2.Department of Management and FinanceUniversity of MurciaMurciaSpain
  3. 3.Department of Business AdministrationUniversity of CantabriaSantanderSpain

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