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Factors Influencing Interorganizational Collaboration within a Disaster Relief Context

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Abstract

Despite the need for interorganizational collaboration within a humanitarian setting in recent years, there are a considerable number of challenges to efficient collaboration among humanitarian organizations (HOs) operating after natural disasters. Up to this point, scholars have explored the inhibitors and drivers of collaboration in a number of papers and reports that have primarily served to provide a list of factors that influence collaboration within a disaster relief context. Since each list is partial or limited, we conducted this meta-study to advance and frame knowledge on collaboration among HOs, to trace the gap of the literature and to initiate further studies on this topic. Our systematic literature review proposes a categorization of the factors influencing collaboration among HOs. It contains three clusters of factors: (1) contextual factors; (2) interorganizational factors; and (3) inner-organizational factors. In the last section, we elaborate on opportunities for future research on collaboration among HOs.

Résumé

Malgré la nécessité des collaborations interorganisationnelles dans l’environnement humanitaire des dernières années, les organismes humanitaires (OH) font face à de nombreux défis pour répondre conjointement et efficacement aux désastres naturels. Jusqu’à présent, les savants ont exploré les inhibiteurs et les éléments qui incitent à la collaboration dans un nombre d’articles et de rapports ayant principalement servi à dresser des listes de facteurs qui influencent la collaboration dans un contexte de secours aux sinistrés. Puisque chaque liste est partiale ou limitée, nous avons réalisé la présente méta-étude pour faire progresser et cadrer les connaissances sur la collaboration entre les OH, cerner les brèches dans la documentation et amorcer d’autres études sur le sujet. Notre revue systématique de la documentation propose de catégoriser les facteurs qui influencent la collaboration entre les OH. Elle contient trois groupes de facteurs : (1) contextuels; (2) interorganisationnels; et (3) organisationnels. Dans la dernière section, nous élaborons les opportunités de recherches futures axées sur la collaboration entre les OH.

Zusammenfassung

Trotz des Bedarfs an einer organisationsübergreifenden Zusammenarbeit im humanitären Bereich in den vergangenen Jahren besteht eine ganze Reihe von Problemen in Verbindung mit einer effizienten Zusammenarbeit zwischen humanitären Organisationen, die nach Naturkatastrophen tätig werden. Bis zum heutigen Zeitpunkt haben Wissenschaftler die hemmenden und antreibenden Faktoren der Zusammenarbeit in einer Reihe von Abhandlungen und Berichten untersucht, die hauptsächlich dazu dienten, eine Liste der Faktoren zu erstellen, die die Zusammenarbeit im Rahmen der Katastrophenhilfe beeinflussen. Da es sich um unvollständige oder beschränkte Listen handelt, führten wir diese Metastudie durch, um das Wissen über die Zusammenarbeit zwischen humanitären Organisationen voranzubringen und auszuarbeiten, die Lücke in der Literatur aufzuweisen und weitere Studien zu diesem Thema einzuleiten. In unserer systematischen Literaturprüfung schlagen wir eine Kategorisierung der Faktoren vor, die die Zusammenarbeit zwischen humanitären Organisationen beinflussen. Sie enthält drei Gruppen von Faktoren: (1) kontextabhängige Faktoren, (2) organisationsübergreifende Faktoren und (3) organisationsinterne Faktoren. Im letzten Abschnitt gehen wir auf Gelegenheiten für zukünftige Forschungen zur Zusammenarbeit zwischen humanitären Organisationen ein.

Resumen

A pesar de la necesidad de colaboración interorganizativa dentro de un escenario humanitario en años recientes, existe un considerable número de desafíos para un colaboración eficiente entre organizaciones humanitarias (HO, por sus siglas en inglés) que operan después de producirse desastres naturales. Hasta este punto, los eruditos han explorado los inhibidores e impulsores de la colaboración en una serie de documentos e informes que han servido fundamentalmente para proporcionar una lista de factores que influyen en la colaboración en un contexto de asistencia en casos de desastres. Dado que cada lista es parcial o limitada, realizamos el presente meta-estudio para avanzar y enmarcar el conocimiento sobre la colaboración entre organizaciones humanitarias, para seguir el rastro de la brecha en el material publicado y para iniciar estudios adicionales sobre este tema. Nuestra revisión sistemática del material publicado propone una categorización de los factores que influyen en la colaboración entre organizaciones humanitarias. Contiene tres grupos de factores: (1) factores contextuales; (2) factores interorganizativos; y (3) factores organizativos internos. En la última sección, profundizamos en las oportunidades para futuras investigaciones sobre la colaboración entre organizaciones humanitarias.

Chinese

尽管在近年来的人道主义背景下,需要进行组织间的合作,但是在自然灾害之后运营的人道主义组织之间进行高效合作仍然存在相当多挑战。迄今为止,研究人员已经在许多论文与报告中探究了该种合作的抑制与促进因素。这些论文与报告主要列出了在救灾背景下该种合作的影响因素清单。由于该清单具有片面性或局限性, 我们进行了此项元研究(meta-study),以整理关于人道主义组织间合作的知识并推动其进步,追踪文献的空白,发起就这一课题的进一步研究。根据我们系统的文献综述,我们提出对人道主义间合作的影响因素进行分类。这其中包括三类因素:(1)背景性因素;(2)组织间因素;以及(3)组织内因素。在最后部分,我们阐述了未来关于人道主义组织间合作的研究机遇。

Japanese

近年人道的な状況においては組織間のコラボレーションの必要性があるが、それにもかかわらず自然災害後の人道援助団体(HO)の効果的なコラボレーションには多くの課題がある。研究者は主として多数の新聞と報告書におけるコラボレーションの阻害者と実施者を調査して、災害救援におけるコラボレーションに影響を与える要因のリストを提供する。各リストは部分的または限定されているため、事前にメタ調査を行った。HOにおけるコラボレーションの知識をフレーム化、発展、文献のギャップの追跡して、このテーマに関わる今後の研究を開始した。体系的文献の見直しでは、HOのコラボレーションに影響を及ぼす要因の分類を提案する。(1)文脈の要因、(2)組織間の要因、(3)内部組織要因の3 つのクラスター要因が含まれている。最後のセクションでは、HOのコラボレーションに関する今後の研究機会について詳しく説明する。

Arabic

على الرغم من الحاجة إلى التعاون بين المنظمات في إعداد المنظمات الإنسانية في السنوات الأخيرة، هناك عدد كبير من التحديات التي تواجه التعاون الفعال بين المنظمات الإنسانية (HOs) التي تعمل بعد وقوع الكوارث الطبيعية. حتى هذه اللحظة، إكتشف العلماء المثبطات والفعالين للتعاون في عدد من الأبحاث والتقارير التي خدمت في المقام الأول إلى تقديم قائمة من العوامل التي تؤثر على التعاون في سياق الإغاثة في حالات الكوارث. لأن كل قائمة هي جزئية أو محدودة، أجرينا هذه الدراسة الوصفية للمضي قدما” ونضع إطار المعرفة على التعاون بين المنظمات الإنسانية (HOs)، لتعقب الفجوة في الأدب والشروع في إجراء المزيد من الدراسات حول هذا الموضوع. مراجعة الأدب المنهجي يقترح تصنيف العوامل التي تؤثر على التعاون بين (HOs). أنه يحتوي على ثلاث مجموعات من العوامل: (1) العوامل السياقية (2) العوامل المشتركة بين المنظمات؛ و (3) العوامل الداخلية بين المنظمات. في الجزء الأخير، نحن نوضح الفرص للبحث في المستقبل على التعاون بين (HOs).

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Correspondence to Mohammad Moshtari.

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Moshtari, M., Gonçalves, P. Factors Influencing Interorganizational Collaboration within a Disaster Relief Context. Voluntas 28, 1673–1694 (2017) doi:10.1007/s11266-016-9767-3

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Keywords

  • Collaboration
  • Coordination
  • Humanitarian organization
  • Humanitarian operation
  • Disaster relief