Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Nonprofit Development in Hong Kong: The Case of a Statist–Corporatist Regime

  • 507 Accesses

  • 24 Citations

Abstract

This paper adapts Salamon, Sokolowski, and Anheier’s social origins theory to argue that the nonprofit regime in Hong Kong can be characterized as statist–corporatist. This statist–corporatist regime displays the hybrid character of both a statist and a corporatist regime: its statist character can be seen in the high degree of autonomy of the state, its tendency to limit freedom of association, and the low commitment to social provision. Its corporatist character is evident in the high level of participation by designated nonprofit organizations in selected areas of social provision under state funding. It is shown how the development of this nonprofit regime was historically shaped by four factors; namely, the interest of the colonial state in maintaining domination, economic and public financial policy, the historical formation of the welfare system, and political regime change. The findings illustrate the distinct historical forces and the path of development in an Asian state that might affect nonprofit development.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Advisory Committee on School-Based Management (2000). Transforming Schools into Dynamic and Accountable Professional Learning Communities, School-based Management Consultation Document, Government Printer, Hong Kong.

  2. Anheier, H. K., and Seibel, W. (eds.) (1990). The Third Sector: Comparative Studies of Nonprofit Organizations, Walter de Gruyter, New York.

  3. Anheier, H. K., and Kendall, J. (eds.) (2001). Third Sector Policy at the Crossroads: An International Nonprofit Analysis, Routledge, New York.

  4. Association for Asian Research (2004). Bishop Zen Calls for Resistance Against Beijing’s Influence in Schools. Online: www.asianresearch.org

  5. Bell, D. A., Brown, D., Jayasuriya, K., and Jones, D. M. (1995). Towards Illiberal Democracy in Pacific Asia, St. Martin’s Press, Oxford.

  6. Chaskin, R. J. (2003). Fostering neighborhood democracy: Legitimacy and accountability within loosely coupled systems. Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly 32(2), 161–189.

  7. Chiu, S. (1994). The Politics of Laissez-faire: Hong Kong’s Strategy of Industrialization in Historical Perspective, Hong Kong Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies: Occasional Paper No. 40, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

  8. Faure, D. (ed.) (1997). Society: A Documentary History of Hong Kong, Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong.

  9. Gidron, B., Kramer, R. M., and Salamon, L. M. (eds.) (1992). Government and Third Sector, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.

  10. HKCSS [Hong Kong Council of Social Service] (1987). Si Shi Zhou Nian Ji Nian Te Kan: 1947–1987, Xianggang She Hui Fu Wu Lian Hui, Xianggang. (40th Anniversary: A Commemorative Issue, The Hong Kong Council of Social Service, Hong Kong.)

  11. Hong Kong Government (1964). The Development of Medical Services in Hong Kong, Government Printer, Hong Kong.

  12. Hong Kong Government (1965a). Aims and Policy for Social Welfare in Hong Kong, Government Printer, Hong Kong.

  13. Hong Kong Government (1965b). Education Policy, Government Printer, Hong Kong.

  14. Jones, C. (1990). Promoting Prosperity: The Hong Kong Way of Social Policy, Chinese University Press, Hong Kong.

  15. Kramer, R. M., Lorentzen, H., Melief, W. B., and Pasquinelli, S. (1993). Privatization in Four European Countries: Comparative Studies in Government-Third Sector Relationships, M.E. Sharpe, Armonk, New York.

  16. Lam, W. M. (2004). Understanding the Political Culture of Hong Kong: The Paradox of Activism and Depoliticization, M.E. Sharpe, New York.

  17. Lee, E. W. Y. (1999). Governing post-colonial Hong Kong: Institutional incongruity, governance crisis and authoritarianism. Asian Survey 39(6), 940–959.

  18. Lee, E. W. Y. (2004). The politics of welfare developmentalism in Hong Kong. In H. J. Kwon (ed.), Transforming the Developmental Welfare State in East Asia, Palgrave Macmillan, London.

  19. Lethbridge, H. J. (1978). Hong Kong, Stability and Change: A Collection of Essays, Oxford University Press, Hong Kong.

  20. Leung, B., and Chan, S. H. (2003). Changing Church and State Relations in Hong Kong, 1950–2000, Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong.

  21. Liang, Q. (1997). Shi Shan Yu Jiao Hua: Ming Qing de Ci Shan Zu Zhi, Lian Jing Chu Ban Shi Ye Gong Si, Taibei Shi.

  22. Mo, T., Guo, K., Liang, B. zhu bian (1995). Xianggang She Qu Gong Zuo: Fan Si Yu Qian Zhan, Zhong hua shu ju, Xianggang.

  23. Ngo, T. W. (ed.) (1999). Hong Kong’s History: State and Society Under Colonial Rule, Routledge, London.

  24. Salamon, L. M., Sokolowski, S. W., and Anheier, H. K. (2000). Social Origins of Civil Society: An Overview, Working Papers of The Johns Hopkins Comparative Nonprofit Sector Project, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore.

  25. Salamon, L. M., Sokolowski, S. W., and List, R. (2003). Global Civil Society: An Overview, Johns Hopkins Center for Civil Society Studies, Baltimore.

  26. Sinn, E. (1989). Power and Charity: The Early History of the Tung Wah Hospital, Hong Kong, Oxford University Press, Hong Kong.

  27. So, A. Y. (1999). Hong Kong’s Embattled Democracy: A Societal Analysis, The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore.

  28. Social Welfare Department (2000). Social Welfare Services Lump Sum Grant Manual, 2nd edn., Government Printer, Hong Kong.

  29. Tang, K. L. (1998). Colonial State and Social Policy: Social Welfare Development in Hong Kong, 1842–1997, University Press of America, Lanham, Maryland.

  30. Tsai, J. F. (1993). Hong Kong in Chinese History: Community and Social Unrest in the British Colony, 1842–1913, Columbia University Press, New York.

  31. Wong, A. (1972). The Kaifong Associations and the Society of Hong Kong, The Orient Cultural Service, Taipei.

  32. Wuthnow, R. (ed.) (1991). Between States and Markets: The Voluntary Sector in Comparative Perspective, Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.

  33. Zakaria, F. (1997). The rise of illiberal democracy. Foreign Affairs 76(6), 22–43.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Eliza W. Y. Lee.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Lee, E.W.Y. Nonprofit Development in Hong Kong: The Case of a Statist–Corporatist Regime. Voluntas 16, 51–68 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11266-005-3232-z

Download citation

Keywords

  • nonprofit development
  • social origins theory
  • statist–corporatism
  • Hong Kong
  • Asia