This paper adapts Salamon, Sokolowski, and Anheier’s social origins theory to argue that the nonprofit regime in Hong Kong can be characterized as statist–corporatist. This statist–corporatist regime displays the hybrid character of both a statist and a corporatist regime: its statist character can be seen in the high degree of autonomy of the state, its tendency to limit freedom of association, and the low commitment to social provision. Its corporatist character is evident in the high level of participation by designated nonprofit organizations in selected areas of social provision under state funding. It is shown how the development of this nonprofit regime was historically shaped by four factors; namely, the interest of the colonial state in maintaining domination, economic and public financial policy, the historical formation of the welfare system, and political regime change. The findings illustrate the distinct historical forces and the path of development in an Asian state that might affect nonprofit development.
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Lee, E.W.Y. Nonprofit Development in Hong Kong: The Case of a Statist–Corporatist Regime. Voluntas 16, 51–68 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11266-005-3232-z
- nonprofit development
- social origins theory
- Hong Kong