Journal of Signal Processing Systems

, Volume 59, Issue 1, pp 111–122 | Cite as

An Evaluation Study of Mobility Support in ZigBee Networks

Article

Abstract

Based on the IEEE 802.15.4 LR-WPAN specification, the ZigBee standard has been proposed to interconnect simple, low rate, and battery powered wireless devices. The deployment of ZigBee networks is expected to facilitate numerous applications, such as home healthcare, medical monitoring, consumer electronics, and environmental sensors. For many of the envisioned applications, device mobility is unavoidable and must be accommodated. Thus, providing ubiquitous connections to/from a mobile device is crucial for various future ZigBee applications. Knowledge of how nodal mobility affects the ZigBee routing protocol is important, but the lack of ZigBee simulator support has limited the amount of research, evaluation, and development in this area. Thus far, researchers have been unable to analyze and evaluate the impact of mobile applications via extensive simulations. In this paper, our contribution is threefold. First, we present an initial implementation of the ZigBee network layer in NS-2, which will allow further research and development to be conducted in this area. Second, we analyze the adequacy of current provisions for dealing with different mobility cases. Third, we provide a comprehensive set of simulation results that demonstrate the inefficacy of the current standard for handling mobility. Our results show that the ZigBee device plays a significant role in determining the routing performance in mobile scenarios.

Keywords

Mobility Routing ZigBee IEEE 802.15.4 Simulation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We wish to thank the editors and anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments. This paper is based on work supported by the National Science Council under grant number NSC 95-2218-E-002-072 and the National Science Foundation under grant number ANI-0335302.

References

  1. 1.
    IEEE 802.15.4 WPAN-LR task group. http://www.ieee802.org/15/pub/TG4.html.
  2. 2.
  3. 3.
    Zigbee specification v1.0. http://www.zigbee.org/. June 2005.
  4. 4.
    Hafari, R., Encarnacao, A., Zahoory, A., Dabiri, F., Noshadi, H., & Sarrafzadeh, M. (2005). Wireless sensor networks for health monitoring. In ACM/IEEE MobiQuitous.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hester, L., Huang, Y., Andric, O., Allen, A., & Chen, P. (2002). Neurfon netform: a self-organizing wireless sensor network. In IEEE ICCCN.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Korhonen, I., Parkka, J., & Gils, M. V. (2003). Health monitoring in the home of the future. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, 22(3), 66–73, May–June.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    PalChaudhuri, S., Boudec, J.-Y. L., & Vojnovic, M. (2005). Perfect simulations for random trip mobility models. In 38th annual simulation symposium.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Perkins, C., Belding-Royer, E., & Das, S. (2003). Ad hoc on-demand distance vector (AODV) routing. In: IETF RFC 3561, July.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sun, T., Liang, N.-C., Chen, L.-J., Chen, P.-C., & Gerla, M. (2007) Evaluating mobility support in zigbee networks. In IFIP EUC.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Zheng, J., & Lee, M.J. (2006) A comprehensive performance study of IEEE 802.15.4. Sensor network operations (Chapter 4, pp. 218–237). New York: IEEE, Wiley Interscience.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Information ScienceAcademia SinicaTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.PacketMotion, Inc.San JoseUSA
  3. 3.Google, Inc.Mountain ViewUSA

Personalised recommendations