Virus Genes

pp 1–9 | Cite as

Complete genomic sequence of bacteriophage P23: a novel Vibrio phage isolated from the Yellow Sea, China

  • Yundan Liu
  • Lei Zhao
  • Min WangEmail author
  • Qi Wang
  • Xinran Zhang
  • Yuye Han
  • Meiwen Wang
  • Tong Jiang
  • Hongbing Shao
  • Yong Jiang
  • Andrew McMinn
Original Paper


A novel Vibrio phage, P23, belonging to the family Siphoviridae was isolated from the surface water of the Yellow Sea, China. The complete genome of this phage was determined. A one-step growth curve showed that the latent period was approximately 30 min, the burst size was 24 PFU/cell, and the rise period was 20 min. The phage is host specific and is stable over a range of pH (5–10) and temperatures (4–65 °C). Transmission electron microscopy showed that phage P23 can be categorized into the Siphoviridae family, with an icosahedral head of 60 nm and a long noncontractile tail of 144 nm. The genome consisted of a linear, double-stranded 40.063 kb DNA molecule with 42.5% G+C content and 72 putative open reading frames (ORFs) without tRNA. The predicted ORFs were classified into six functional groups, including DNA replication, regulation and nucleotide metabolism, transcription, phage packaging, phage structure, lysis, and hypothetical proteins. The Vibrio phage P23 genome is a new marine Siphoviridae-family phage genome that provides basic information for further molecular research on interaction mechanisms between bacteriophages and their hosts.


Bacteriophage Vibrio Siphoviridae Complete genome 



The research was funded by the Marine Scientific and Technological Innovation Project Financially supported by the Pilot National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology (Qingdao) (2018SDKJ0104-4, 2018SDKJ0406-6, and 2016ASKJ14), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41676178, 31500339, and 41076088), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2017YFA0603200 and 2018YFC1406704), the State Oceanic Administration People’s republic of China (GASI-02-PAC-ST-MSwin, GASI-02-PAC-ST-MSaut), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central University of Ocean University of China (201812002, 201762017, and 201562018).

Author contributions

Hongbing Shao, Yong Jiang, Tong Jiang, Meiwen Wang, Yuye Han, and Min Wang conceived and designed the experiments and critically evaluated the manuscript. Xinran Zhang and Qi Wang conducted the sequencing experiments. Lei Zhao isolated and identified the phage and conducted the biological characterization experiments. Andrew McMinn helped to edit the language of manuscript. Yundan Liu was responsible for the data and sequence analyses and wrote the manuscript.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yundan Liu
    • 1
  • Lei Zhao
    • 3
  • Min Wang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
    Email author
  • Qi Wang
    • 1
  • Xinran Zhang
    • 1
  • Yuye Han
    • 1
  • Meiwen Wang
    • 1
  • Tong Jiang
    • 1
  • Hongbing Shao
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yong Jiang
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  • Andrew McMinn
    • 5
  1. 1.College of Marine Life SciencesOcean University of ChinaQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Institute of Evolution and Marine BiodiversityOcean University of ChinaQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Qing Dao Municipal HospitalQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China
  4. 4.Key Lab of Polar Oceanography and Global Ocean ChangeOcean University of ChinaQingdaoPeople’s Republic of China
  5. 5.Institute for Marine and Antarctic StudiesUniversity of TasmaniaHobartAustralia

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