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Characterization of Batai virus isolated from a domestic Muscovy duck (Cairina moschate)

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Abstract

Batai virus (BATV) belongs to the genus Orthobunyavirus of the family Bunyaviridae. It has been isolated from mosquitos, pigs, cattle, and humans throughout Africa, Asia, and Europe, and causes clinical signs in domestic animals and humans. Here, we report the isolation of BATV from a domestic duck flock. Genome sequence analysis revealed clustering of this isolate in the Africa–Asia lineage. The virus replicated in mosquitos and vertebrate host cells, showing different phenotypic characteristics, and showed the potential to infect mice. This is the first report of BATV in domestic birds and indicates the wide circulation of BATV in China.

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Acknowledgments

This work was funded by the National Nature Science Foundation of China (NSFC Grant No. 31372461).

Authors contribution

JS conceived this study and participated in its design, the experimental trials, data analysis, and writing the manuscript. LZ carried out virus isolation, genome sequencing, cell infection test, and the animal experiments as well as drafted the manuscript. QZ conducted virus isolation and identification and animal infection experiments. NA provided the mouse antibody against BATV and carried out IFA. YC, JW, GF, and YH conducted experiment and sample collection. XH provided assistance with histological slide preparation. All of the authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Author information

Correspondence to Jingliang Su.

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Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethics statement

All of the animal experiments were conducted in accordance with the guidelines of the Review of Welfare and Ethics of Laboratory Animals, approved by the Beijing Municipality Administration Office of Laboratory Animals.

Research involving human participants

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.

Additional information

Edited by William Dundon.

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Zhang, L., Zhang, Q., Wang, J. et al. Characterization of Batai virus isolated from a domestic Muscovy duck (Cairina moschate). Virus Genes 53, 121–125 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11262-016-1400-4

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Keywords

  • Batai virus
  • Muscovy duck
  • Genetic characterization
  • Cytopathic effect