Virus Genes

, Volume 52, Issue 5, pp 748–753 | Cite as

Phylogenetic analysis of Newcastle disease viruses isolated from commercial poultry in Mozambique (2011–2016)

  • Lourenço P. Mapaco
  • Iolanda V. A. Monjane
  • Antonieta E. Nhamusso
  • Gerrit J. Viljoen
  • William G. Dundon
  • Sara J. Achá


The complete sequence of the fusion (F) protein gene from 11 Newcastle disease viruses (NDVs) isolated from commercial poultry in Mozambique between 2011 and 2016 has been generated. The F gene cleavage site motif for all 11 isolates was 112RRRKRF117 indicating that the viruses are virulent. A phylogenetic analysis using the full F gene sequence revealed that the viruses clustered within genotype VIIh and showed a higher similarity to NDVs from South Africa, China and Southeast Asia than to viruses previously described in Mozambique in 1994, 1995 and 2005. The identification of these new NDVs has important implications for Newcastle disease management and control in Mozambique.


Newcastle disease Genotype VIIh Phylogenetic analysis Poultry Mozambique 



The work was supported through funding from the IAEA Peaceful Uses Initiative (PUI), African Renaissance project (ARF) funded by the Republic of South Africa and IAEA Technical Cooperation project MOZ5005.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain studies with animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lourenço P. Mapaco
    • 1
  • Iolanda V. A. Monjane
    • 1
  • Antonieta E. Nhamusso
    • 1
  • Gerrit J. Viljoen
    • 2
  • William G. Dundon
    • 2
    • 3
  • Sara J. Achá
    • 1
  1. 1.Agricultural Research Institute of Mozambique (IIAM), Directorate of Animal Science (DCA), Central Veterinary Laboratory (CVL)MaputoMozambique
  2. 2.Animal Production and Health Laboratory, Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, Department of Nuclear Sciences and ApplicationsInternational Atomic Energy AgencyViennaAustria
  3. 3.APHL Joint FAO/IAEA DivisionIAEA LaboratoriesSeibersdorfAustria

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