Virus Genes

, Volume 46, Issue 2, pp 302–308 | Cite as

Genetic diversity of avian paramyxovirus type 4 isolates from wild ducks in Korea from 2006 to 2011

  • Kang-Seuk Choi
  • Ji-Ye Kim
  • Soo-Jeong Kye
  • Choi-Kyu Park
  • Haan-Woo Sung


Thirteen isolates of avian paramyxovirus type 4 (APMV-4) isolated from wild ducks in Korea from 2006 to 2011 were genetically characterized by sequence analysis of the N-terminal region of the APMV-4 fusion (F) protein gene. The results revealed that the amino acid sequence homology within Korean isolates was 97.5 % or greater. The homologies of the Korean isolates with the APMV-4/duck/HK/D3/75 and APMV-4/duck/BE/15129/07 strains were 86.9–88.0 and 95.5–96.1 %, respectively. All Korean isolates had sequence motifs of 116DIQPR↓F121 at the F0 cleavage site. Phylogenetic analysis based on the N-terminal region of the F protein gene of APMV-4 isolates revealed that all 2006–2011 Korean isolates formed a single genotypic cluster that was phylogenetically different from APMV-4/duck/HK/D3/75 or APMV-4/duck/BE/15129/07 strains. Korean APMV-4 isolates were more closely related to APMV-4/goose/ZA/N1468/10 (isolated in South Africa) than to the Belgium APMV-4 virus. Korean APMV-4 isolates were further divided into at least two subgroups (A and B) based on phylogenetic analysis. Subgroup A viruses were isolated throughout Korea, whereas subgroup B viruses were detected only in isolates from Cheju island in 2011, suggesting that Korean APMV-4 exhibits marked genetic diversity and differs from viruses currently circulating in Europe and other locations.


Avian paramyxovirus type 4 F gene Phylogenetic analysis Wild duck 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kang-Seuk Choi
    • 1
  • Ji-Ye Kim
    • 1
  • Soo-Jeong Kye
    • 1
  • Choi-Kyu Park
    • 1
  • Haan-Woo Sung
    • 2
  1. 1.Avian Disease DivisionAnimal, Plant and Fisheries Quarantine and Inspection AgencyAnyangRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.College of Veterinary Medicine, Kangwon National UniversityChuncheonRepublic of Korea

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