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Phylogenetic analysis of Ostreococcus virus sequences from the Patagonian Coast

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Abstract

A phylogenetic analysis of new Ostreococcus virus (OV) sequences from the Patagonian Coast, Argentina, and homologous sequences from public databases was performed. This analysis showed that the Patagonian sequences represented a divergent viral clade and that the rest of OV sequences analyzed here were clustered into six additional phylogenetic groups. Analyses of 18S gene libraries supported a close relationship of the Patagonian Ostreococcus host with clade A sequences described elsewhere, corroborating previous studies indicating that clade A strains are ubiquitous. Besides the Patagonian OV sequences, several phylogenetic groupings were linked to particular geographic locations, suggesting a role for allopatric cladogenesis in viral diversification. However, and in agreement with previous observations, other viral lineages included sequences with diverse geographic origins. These findings, together with analyses of ancestral trait trajectories performed here, are consistent with an evolutionary dynamics in which geographical isolation has a role in OV diversification but can be followed by rapid dispersion to remote places.

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Acknowledgments

Continuous support from National Council for Scientific and Technical Research (CONICET, Argentina) is deeply appreciated. Support from the Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Técnica is also acknowledged. We want to thank Pablo Goloboff for TNT assistance and guidance in phylogenetic analyses. We also are in debt with Andrew Meade for his suggestions and assistance with Bayesian analyses and the use of BayesTraits and BayesPhylogenies.

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Correspondence to Leandro R. Jones.

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Manrique, J.M., Calvo, A.Y. & Jones, L.R. Phylogenetic analysis of Ostreococcus virus sequences from the Patagonian Coast. Virus Genes 45, 316–326 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11262-012-0762-5

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Keywords

  • Prasinovirus
  • Phycodnavirus
  • Ostreococcus virus
  • Patagonia