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Mutational analysis of the GDD sequence motif of classical swine fever virus RNA-dependent RNA polymerases

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Abstract

To define the function of the GDD motif of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) of classical swine fever virus (CSFV), single amino acid substitutions were introduced into the CSFV NS5B. All substitutions within the GDD motif were detrimental to the polymerase activity, the binding activity and the terminal nucleotidyl transferase activity of the NS5B protein. It was also found that the wild-type NS5B had higher RdRp activity with Mg+2 than with Mn+2 whereas some mutants worked better with Mn+2 than with Mg+2, suggesting that substitutions within the GDD motif modified the enzyme cation preferences and the GDD sequence of CSFV NS5B might be involved in polymerase–metal interaction. Therefore, the GDD amino acid sequence is important for the function of CSFV RdRp.

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Acknowledgements

This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (30170214) and by Science and Technology Foundation of Shanghai Higher Education.

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Correspondence to Ming Xiao.

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Wang, Y., Xiao, M., Chen, J. et al. Mutational analysis of the GDD sequence motif of classical swine fever virus RNA-dependent RNA polymerases. Virus Genes 34, 63–65 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11262-006-0001-z

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Keywords

  • Classical swine fever virus
  • RNA-dependent RNA polymerase
  • GDD motif