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Veterinary Research Communications

, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp 183–188 | Cite as

Evolution of the corpus luteum volume determined ultrasonographically and its relation to the plasma progesterone concentration after artificial insemination in pregnant and non-pregnant dairy cows

  • C. Gómez-Seco
  • B. Alegre
  • F. Martínez-Pastor
  • J. G. Prieto
  • J. R. González-Montaña
  • M. E. Alonso
  • J. C. Domínguez
Original Article

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the relationship of the evolution of the corpus luteum (CL) volume that was determined ultrasonographically with the pregnancy status in lactating dairy cows during early pregnancy. Ultrasound examinations were carried out on 76 cows following artificial insemination (AI). Plasma concentrations of progesterone were determined from blood samples collected at each ultrasound examination. Conception was confirmed by ultrasonography on day 30 after AI. Around day 14 post-insemination (p.i.), the CL volume tended to decrease in pregnant and non-pregnant cows, and, after day 19 p.i., both groups differed significantly, indicating the luteal regression in non-pregnant cows. Reaching signification on day 20. The diminution in CL volume was also reflected in the plasma progesterone concentration. However, the patterns of CL volume, estimated by ultrasonography, differed more evidently and earlier between both groups (around 1 week p.i., at day 9 p.i. P < 0.05, whereas progesterone started to differ around 2 weeks p.i., at day 14 p.i, P < 0.05). These results indicate that the estimation of the CL volume by ultrasonography could be useful for assessing the presence of a functional CL.

Keywords

Ultrasound Corpus luteum Progesterone Pregnancy Dairy cattle 

Abbreviations

CL

Corpus luteum

P4

Progesterone

AI

Artificial insemination

p.i.

Post-insemination

P

Pregnant

NP

Non-pregnant

PPV

Positive predictive value

NPV

Negative predictive value

PGF

Prostaglandin F

Notes

Acknowledgments

Cristina Gómez Seco was supported by Junta de Castilla y León program EDU/1083/2013, supported by EDRF (EU).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Funding sources

This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Gómez-Seco
    • 1
  • B. Alegre
    • 1
  • F. Martínez-Pastor
    • 2
  • J. G. Prieto
    • 3
  • J. R. González-Montaña
    • 1
  • M. E. Alonso
    • 4
  • J. C. Domínguez
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medicine, Surgery and Veterinary AnatomyUniversity of LeónLeónSpain
  2. 2.INDEGSAL and Department of Molecular Biology (Cell Biology)University of LeónLeónSpain
  3. 3.Department of Biomedical SciencesUniversity of LeónLeónSpain
  4. 4.Department of Animal ProductionUniversity of LeónLeónSpain

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