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Veterinary Research Communications

, Volume 34, Issue 8, pp 703–708 | Cite as

Age-dependent prevalence of equid herpesvirus 5 infection

  • Maria Luisa MarenzoniEmail author
  • Giacomo Coppola
  • Margherita Maranesi
  • Fabrizio Passamonti
  • Katia Cappelli
  • Stefano Capomaccio
  • Andrea Verini Supplizi
  • Etienne Thiry
  • Mauro Coletti
Original article

Abstract

Equid herpesvirus 5 (EHV-5) infection was detected in a farm in Italy by the use of a semi-nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) targeting glycoprotein B of EHV-5 on nasal swabs and blood samples of clinically healthy and randomly selected Lipizzaner horses (n = 55). Twenty-five horses at the age of 4–17 years and 30 at an age of 1–3 years were sampled once. The association of the infection with these age-groups and the gender of the horses was investigated. The apparent prevalence of EHV-5 infection was significantly different between age-cohorts: it was higher in the younger group of horses with 73,3% and 80% positives in nasal swabs and blood respectively, compared to 40% of nasal swabs and 20% of blood in the older horses. An age-dependence therefore was observed: the young age is more frequently associated with EHV-5 infection.

Keywords

Equid herpesvirus 5 Gammaherpesvirus Horses Polymerase chain reaction Age-dependency Epidemiology 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The work was partially financed by grants from the Italian Ministry of Agricultural Alimentary and Forestry Policies, Project LIPISAN “Salvaguardia, conoscenza e valorizzazione dell’Allevamento statale del cavallo Lipizzano (A.S.CA.L.).” The authors acknowledge Mr. Gianluca Alunni for his skilful technical assistance.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maria Luisa Marenzoni
    • 1
    Email author
  • Giacomo Coppola
    • 1
  • Margherita Maranesi
    • 1
  • Fabrizio Passamonti
    • 1
  • Katia Cappelli
    • 1
  • Stefano Capomaccio
    • 1
  • Andrea Verini Supplizi
    • 1
  • Etienne Thiry
    • 2
  • Mauro Coletti
    • 1
  1. 1.Sports Horse Research Centre, Department of Experimental Science and Applied Biotechnology, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of PerugiaPerugiaItaly
  2. 2.Virology and Viral Diseases, Department of Infectious and Parasitic Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of LiègeLiègeBelgium

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