This work studied the sequential morphological changes of omasum in foetuses, neonates and adult West African Dwarf (WAD) goats by gross and light microscopic methods. The mean omasal volume was 1.37 ± 0.36, 4.2 ± 0.4, 8.7 ± 6.9 and 60.1 ± 8.6 ml for gestation day 87 and 146 foetuses, neonates and adults respectively. Grossly the mucosa exhibited longitudinally oriented primary, secondary, tertiary and quartnery laminae with smooth surface in foetuses and numerous papillae in the adults. Microscopically it was lined by stratified squamous epithelium which was divided into larger lighter luminal and smaller darker basal zones in gestation day 60 foetuses. The core of the laminae contained extension of the inner muscular tunic. The basal zone developed lateral evaginations (corial papillae) into the lighter zone of the laminae in gestation day 106 foetuses. By term these corial papillae approached the luminal surface. The papillae emerged above the luminal surface in 4 week old neonates. The papillae were fully developed in adult goats. The mean papillary height and width were -205.1 ± 34.0, 67.0 ± 9.6; 235.0 ± 86.5, 185.0 ± 42.3 and 570.3 ± 60.0, 290.1 ± 66.3 μm for foetuses, neonates and adult goats. The inner circular layer was thicker than the outer longitudinal layer of the muscular tunic. The central muscular layer of the laminae originated from the inner circular layer with attachment to the outer muscular layer in adults. This attachment could be adaptation for better anchorage and muscular contraction of the laminae in WAD goats.
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Nwaogu, C.I., Ezeasor, N.D. Studies on the development of omasum in west african dwarf goats (Capra hircus). Vet Res Commun 32, 543–552 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11259-008-9056-8
- Adult WAD goats