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Bone Mineral Density in Two Boxer Dogs Affected by Moderate to End-stage Chronic Renal Failure

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bone mineral density


chronic renal failure


coefficient of variation


dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry


glomerular filtration rate


parathyroid hormone


  1. Chi-Yuan, H.S.U., Cummings, R.S., McCulloch, C.E. and Chertow, M., 2002. Bone mineral density is not diminished by mild to moderate chronic renal insufficiency. Kidney International, 61, 1814–1820

  2. Lemann, J. Jr, Litzow, J.R. and Lennon, E.J., 1966. The effects of chronic acid loads in normal man: further evidence for the participation of bone mineral in the defense against chronic metabolic acidosis. Journal of Clinical Investigation, 45, 1608-1614

  3. Osborne, C.A. and Finco, D.R., 1995. Diseases of the Kidney. Pathophysiology of renal failure and uremia. In: Osborne, C.A. and Finco, D.R. (eds), Canine and feline nephrology and urology, (Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore), 348–352

  4. Pitts, T.O., Piraino, B.H., Mitro, R., Chen, T.C., Segre, G.V., Greenberg, A. and Puschett, J.B., 1988. Hyperparathyroidism and 1.25-dihydroxyvitamin D deficiency in mild, moderate, and severe renal failure. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 67, 876–881

  5. Zotti, A., Isola, M., Sturaro, E., Menegazzo, L., Piccinini, P. and Bernardini, D., 2004. Vertebral mineral density measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in a group of healthy Italian boxer dogs. Journal of Veterinary Medicine A, 51, 254–258

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Correspondence to A. Zotti.

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Zotti, A., Caldin, M., Vettorato, E. et al. Bone Mineral Density in Two Boxer Dogs Affected by Moderate to End-stage Chronic Renal Failure. Vet Res Commun 30, 337–339 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11259-006-0075-z

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  • bone mineral density
  • chronic renal failure
  • dog
  • dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry
  • radiology