Advertisement

Plant Ecology

, Volume 220, Issue 3, pp 293–304 | Cite as

The differential responses of woody and herbaceous climbers to selective logging and supporter structure in a temperate forest of Xiaolong Mountain, China

  • Yaoxin GuoEmail author
  • Peng Zhao
  • Jing Bu
  • Ming Yue
Article
  • 25 Downloads

Abstract

Knowledge of the responses of climbing plants to disturbance is important in understanding the ecology of climber but still lacking a general agreement. The present study quantified the diversity and abundance of climbing plants and self-supporting woody plants in 15 selectively logged and 11 unlogged forest stands in Xiaolong Mountain of Qinling Mountains, and further compared the difference of lianas and vines in response to selective logging and the structure of self-supporting woody plants. A total of 315 liana individuals belonging to 14 species, 11 genera and 9 families and 232 vine individuals belonging to 13 species, 12 genera, and 9 families were identified in the investigated stands. There were significant differences in diversity and abundance of lianas between the logged and unlogged stands, whereas vines had no apparent differences. Twining was the most common climbing mechanism used both by lianas and vines. Liana diversity showed positive relationship with tree abundance, but vine diversity was positively related with shrub diversity. The results suggest that lianas and vines respond differently to forest abiotic and biotic environments.

Keywords

Diversity Lianas Vines Selective logging Self-supporting woody plants 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the Forestry Research Institute of Mt. Xiaolong for their approval for the work and logistical support. We also thank Xiaosi Guo of College of Life Science of Northwest A&F University for his help in species identification in the field. This study was financially supported by Natural Science Foundation of Shanxi Province of China (2016JQ3002).

References

  1. Addo-Fordjour P, Anning AK, Atakora EA, Agyei PS (2008) Diversity and distribution of climbing plants in a semi-deciduous rain forest, KNUST Botanic Garden, Ghana. Int J Bot 4:186–195CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Addo-Fordjour P, Anning AK, Larbi JA, Akyeampong S (2009) Liana species richness, abundance and relationship with trees in the Bobiri forest reserve, Ghana: impact of management systems. For Ecol Manage 257:1822–1828CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anbarashan M, Parthasarathy N (2013) Diversity and ecology of lianas in tropical dry evergreen forests on the Coromandel Coast of India under various disturbance regimes. Flora 208:22–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Asase A, Asiatokor BK, Ofori-Frimpong K (2014) Effects of selective logging on tree diversity and some soil characteristics in a tropical forest in southwest Ghana. J For Res 25:171–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bongers F, Parren MP, Traoré D (eds) (2005) Forest climbing plants of West Africa: diversity, ecology and management. CABI, WallingfordGoogle Scholar
  6. Cai ZQ, Bongers F (2007) Contrasting nitrogen and phosphorus resorption efficiencies in trees and lianas from a tropical montane rain forest in Xishuangbanna, south-west China. J Trop Ecol 23:115–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Campanello PI, Garibaldi JF, Gatti MG, Goldstein G (2007) Lianas in a subtropical Atlantic Forest: host preference and tree growth. For Ecol Manage 242:250–259CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Carrasco-Urra F, Gianoli E (2009) Abundance of climbing plants in a southern temperate rain forest: host tree characteristics or light availability? J Veg Sci 20:1155–1162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Carsten LD, Juola FA, Male TD, Cherry S (2002) Host associations of lianas in a south-east Queensland rain forest. J Trop Ecol 18:107–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Castro-Luna AA, Castillo-Campos G, Sosa VJ (2011) Effects of selective logging and shifting cultivation on the structure and diversity of a tropical evergreen forest in south-eastern Mexico. J Trop For Sci 23:17–34Google Scholar
  11. Chittibabu CV, Parthasarathy N (2001) Liana diversity and host relationships in a tropical evergreen forest in the Indian Eastern Ghats. Ecol Res 16:519–529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Collins BS, Wein GR (1993) Understory vines: distribution and relation to environment on a southern mixed hardwood site. Bull Torrey Bot Club 120:38–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dewalt SJ, Schnitzer SA, Denslow JS (2000) Abundance and diversity of lianas along a chronosequence in a central Panamanian lowland forest. J Trop Ecol 16:1–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Dickinson MB, Dickinson JC, Putz FE (1996) Natural forest management as a conservation tool in the tropics: divergent views on possibilities and alternatives. Commonwealth Forestry Review 75:309–315Google Scholar
  15. Ding Y, Zang R (2009) Effects of logging on the diversity of lianas in a lowland tropical rain forest in Hainan Island, South China. Biotropica 41:618–624CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Duran SM, Sanchez-Azofeifa GA, Rios RS, Gianoli E (2015) The relative importance of climate, stand variables and liana abundance for carbon storage in tropical forests. Global Ecol Biogeogr 24:939–949CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Ewango CEN (2010) The liana assemblage of a Congolian rainforest: diversity, structure and dynamics. Ph.D. Thesis. Wageningen University.Google Scholar
  18. Garbin ML, Sánchez-Tapia A, Carrijo TT, Sansevero JB, Scarano FR (2014) Functional traits behind the association between climbers and subordinate woody species. J Veg Sci 25:715–723CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Gerwing JJ, Uhl C (2002) Pre-logging liana cutting reduces liana regeneration in logging gaps in the eastern Brazilian Amazon. Ecol Appl 12:1642–1651CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Gianoli E, Saldaña A, Jiménez-Castillo M, Valladares F (2010) Distribution and abundance of vines along the light gradient in a southern temperate rain forest. J Veg Sci 21:66–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Grime JP (1977) Evidence for the existence of three primary strategies in plants and its relevance to ecological and evolutionary theory. Am Nat 111:1169–1194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Guo Y, Li G, Kang B, Wang D, Yang G (2012) The differential responses of lianas and vines to rainfall gradients in distribution and abundance in Qinling Mountains, China. Plant Ecol 213:1749–1755CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hao QY, Zhou YP, Wang LH, Wu JZ (2006) Optimization models of stand structure and selective cutting cycle for large diameter trees of broadleaved forest in Changbai Mountain. J For Res 17:135–140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Hu L (2011) Distribution and diversity of climbing plants in temperate East Asia. Biodivers Sci 19:567–573 (in Chinese with English abstract) CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hu L, Li M, Li Z (2010) The diversity of climbing plants in the spermatophyte flora of China. Biodiversity Science 19:567–573 (in Chinese with English abstract) Google Scholar
  26. Ladwig LM, Meiners SJ (2010) Liana host preference and implications for deciduous forest regeneration. J Torrey Bot Soc 137:103–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Laurance WF, Pérez-Salicrup D, Delamônica P, Fearnside PM, D'Angelo S, Jerozolinski A, Lovejoy TE (2001) Rain forest fragmentation and the structure of Amazonian liana communities. Ecology 82:105–116CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Leicht-Young SA, Pavlovic NB, Frohnapple KJ, Grundel R (2010) Liana habitat and host preferences in northern temperate forests. For Ecol Manage 260:1467–1477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Letcher S, Chazdon RL (2012) Life history traits of lianas during tropical forest succession. Biotropica 44:720–727CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lewis OT (2001) Effect of experimental selective logging on tropical butterflies. Conserv Biol 15:389–400CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Liu ZY (2002) Secondary forest management. In: Xiaolongshan forestry chorography. Xiaolongshan Forest Bureau of Gansu, Gansu. pp 219–234. (in Chinese) Google Scholar
  32. Muthuramkumar S, Parthasarathy N (2000) Alpha diversity of lianas in a tropical evergreen forest in the Anamalais, Western Ghats, India. Divers Distrib 6:1–14CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Nabe-Nielsen J (2001) Diversity and distribution of lianas in a neotropical rain forest, Yasuní National Park, Ecuador. J Trop Ecol 17:1–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Paul GS, Yavitt JB (2011) Tropical vine growth and the effects on forest succession: a review of the ecology and management of tropical climbing plants. Bot Rev 77:11–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Pérez-Salicrup DR, De Meijere W (2005) Number of lianas per tree and number of trees climbed by lianas at Los Tuxtlas, Mexico. Biotropica 37:153–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Pérez-Salicrup DR, Schnitzer S, Putz FE (2004) Community ecology and management of lianas. For Ecol Manage 190:1–2CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Poulsen JR, Koerner SE, Miao Z, Medjibe VP, Banak LN, White LJT (2017) Forest structure determines the abundance and distribution of large lianas in Gabon. Global Ecol. Biogeogr 26:472–485CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Qi L, Yang J, Yu D, Dai L, Contrereas M (2016) Responses of regeneration and species coexistence to single-tree selective logging for a temperate mixed forest in eastern Eurasia. Ann For Sci 73:449–460CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Reddy MS, Parthasarathy N (2006) Liana diversity and distribution on host trees in four inland tropical dry evergreen forests of peninsular India. Trop Ecol 47:109–124Google Scholar
  40. Rundel PW, Franklin T (1991) Vines in arid and semi-arid ecosystems. In: Putz FE, Mooney HA (eds) The Biology of Vines. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 337–356Google Scholar
  41. Rutishauser SE (2011) Increasing liana abundance and biomass in tropical forests: testing mechanistic explanations. MSc Thesis, University of Wisconsin - Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI, USGoogle Scholar
  42. Schnitzer SA (2005) A mechanistic explanation for global patterns of liana abundance and distribution. Am Nat 166:262–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Schnitzer SA, Bongers F (2002) The ecology of lianas and their role in forests. Trends Ecol Evol 17:223–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Schnitzer SA, Bongers F (2011) Increasing liana abundance and biomass in tropical forests: emerging patterns and putative mechanisms. Ecol Lett 14:397–406CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Schnitzer SA, Carson WP (2001) Treefall gaps and the maintenance of species diversity in a tropical forest. Ecology 82:913–919CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Schnitzer SA, Carson WP (2010) Lianas suppress tree regeneration and diversity in treefall gaps. Ecol Lett 13:849–857CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Schnitzer SA, Parren MC, Bongers F (2004) Recruitment of lianas into logging gaps and effects of pre-harvest climber cutting in a lowland forest in Cameroon. For Ecol Manage 190:87–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Schnitzer SA, DeWalt SJ, Chave J (2006) Censusing and measuring lianas: a quantitative comparison of the common methods. Biotropica 38:581–591CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Senbeta F, Schmitt C, Denich M, Demissew S, Velk PL, Preisinger H, Teketay D (2005) The diversity and distribution of lianas in the Afromontane rain forests of Ethiopia. Divers Distrib 11:443–452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Wu L, Liu J, Takashima A, Ishigaki K, Watanabe S (2013) Effect of selective logging on stand structure and tree species diversity in a subtropical evergreen broad-leaved forest. Ann for sci 70:535–543CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Xue Y, Zhang W, Zhou J, Yang B, Zhou M (2011) Sprouting and growth characteristics of Quercus variabilis stump after cutting in different habitates of the southern slope of the Qinling Mountains. Sci Silvae Sin 47:57–64 (in Chinese with English abstract) Google Scholar
  52. Yan L, Qi C (2007) Vine Diversity of Huping Mountain in Hunan Province. Sci Silvae Sin 43:20–26 (in Chinese with English abstract) Google Scholar
  53. Zhang HT, Tao JP, Wang L, Zuo J, Wang YP, He Z, Liu JX, Guo QX (2011) Influences of herbaceous vines on community characteristics in pioneer succession stages. Acta Ecol Sin 31:186–191CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Resource Biology and Biotechnology in Western China (Ministry of Education)Northwest UniversityXi’anChina
  2. 2.Northwest Institute of Forest Inventory, Planning and DesignState Forestry Administration of ChinaXi’anChina

Personalised recommendations