Advertisement

User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction

, Volume 15, Issue 3–4, pp 275–302 | Cite as

Personalization and Context Management

  • Andreas Zimmermann
  • Marcus Specht
  • Andreas Lorenz
Article

Abstract

Supporting the individual user in his working, learning, or information access is one of the main goals of user modeling. Personal or group user models make it possible to represent and use information about preferences, knowledge, abilities, emotional states, and many other characteristics of a user to adapt the user experience and support. Nowadays, the disappearing computer enables the user to access her information from a variety of personal and public displays and devices. To support a new generation of contextualized and personalized information and services, this paper addresses the problem of context management. Context management is a new approach to the design of context-aware systems in ubiquitous computing that combines personalization and contextualization. The presented framework for context management integrates user modeling and context modeling, which can benefit from each other and give rise to more valid models for personalized and contextualized information delivery. The paper will introduce a base framework and tools for designing context-aware applications and decompose the underlying framework into its foundational components. As two illustrative application cases, the paper discusses implementations of an intelligent advertisement board and an audio-augmented museum environment.

Keywords

context-aware computing context management context-toolkit mobile authoring tools personalization 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. ARTracking: 2005, A.R.T. GmbH – Your Expert for Infrared Optical Tracking Systems. http://www.ar-tracking.de/Google Scholar
  2. Brown, P. J. 1996The Stick-e Document: A framework for creating context-aware applicationsPalo AltoCA259272Proceedings of the International Conference on Electronic Documents, Document Manipulation, and Document Dissemination PublishingGoogle Scholar
  3. Brusilovsky, P. 1996Methods and techniques of adaptive hypermediaUser Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction687129CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dey, A. K. and Abowd, G. D.: 1999, Towards a better understanding of context and context awareness. Technical Report GIT-GVU-99-22, College of Computing, Georgia Institute of Technology.Google Scholar
  5. Dey, A. K., Abowd, G. D., Salber, D. 2001A conceptual framework and a toolkit for supporting the rapid prototyping of context-aware applicationsHuman-Computer Interaction Journal1697166CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Dieterich, H., Malinowski, U., Kuehme, T., Schneider-Hufschmidt, M. 1993State of the art in adaptive user interfaceSchneider-Hufschmidt, M.Kuehme, T.Malinowski, V. eds. Adaptive User InterfacesNorth-HollandAmsterdam, Netherlands1348Google Scholar
  7. Ebling, M. R., Hunt, G. D. H., Lei, H. 2001Issues for context services for pervasive computing. Workshop on Middleware for Mobile ComputingGermanyHeidelbergGoogle Scholar
  8. Eckel, G. 2001LISTEN – Augmenting every day environments with interactive sound-scapesPortoPortugalProceedings of the 13 Spring Days Workshop ‘Moving between the physical and the digital: exploring and developing new forms of mixed reality user experience’Google Scholar
  9. Ekahau: 2005, Ekahau – The Most Accurate Wi-Fi Positioning. http://www.ekahau.com/Google Scholar
  10. Fox, T. 2001Präsentation neuer interaktiver Lehrmedien in der SonographieNürnbergGermanyProceedings of the 25th Dreiländertreffen DEGUM SGUM ÖGUMGoogle Scholar
  11. Gossmann, J., Specht, M. 2001Location Models for Augmented EnvironmentsAtlantaUSA9499Proceedings of the Workshop on Location Modeling for Ubiquitous ComputingGoogle Scholar
  12. Gross, T., Specht, M. 2001Awareness in Context-Aware Information Systems. Mensch & Computer – 1. Fachübergreifende KonferenzBad HonnefGermany, Teubner-Verlag173182Google Scholar
  13. Grunst, G., Fox, T., Quast, K. -J. and Redel, D. A.: 1995, Szenische Enablingsysteme – Trainingsumgebungen in der Echokardiographie. In: U. Glowalla, E. Engelmann, A. de Kemp, G. Rosbach, and E. Schoop (eds.): Deutscher Multimedia Kongreß’95, Auffahrt zum Information Highway Highway, Springer-Verlag, pp. 174–178.Google Scholar
  14. Henricksen, K. 2003A Framework for Context-Aware Pervasive Computing ApplicationsUniversity of QueenslandQueenslandPh.D. thesisGoogle Scholar
  15. Jameson, A. 1999User-adaptive systems: An integrative overviewBanffCanadaProceedings of the Tutorial Presented at Seventh International Conference on User ModelingGoogle Scholar
  16. Jameson, A. 2001aModeling both the context and the userPersonal Technologies52933Google Scholar
  17. Jameson, A. 2001User-adaptive and other smart adaptive systems: Possible synergiesTenerifeSpain1314Proceedings of the First EUNITE SymposiumGoogle Scholar
  18. Jameson, A. 2003Adaptive interfaces and agentsJacko, J. A.Sears, A. eds. Human-computer Interaction HandbookErlbaumMahwah, NJ305330Google Scholar
  19. Kobsa, A., Koenemann, J., Pohl, W. 2001Personalized hypermedia presentation techniques for improving online customer relationshipsThe Knowledge Engineering Review16111155Google Scholar
  20. Kravcik, M., Kaibel, A., Specht, M., Terrenghi, L. 2004Mobile collector for field tripsJournal Educational Technology & Society72533Google Scholar
  21. Lei, H., Sow, D. M., Davis, J. S., Banavar, G., Ebling, M. R. 2002The design and applications of a context serviceACM SIGMOBILE Mobile Computing and Communications Review64555Google Scholar
  22. LISTEN: 2005, LISTEN – Augmenting everyday environments through interactive soundscapes. http://listen.imk.fraunhofer.de.Google Scholar
  23. Oppermann, R. 1994Adaptive User Support: Ergonomic Design of Manually and Automatically Adaptable SoftwareLawrence Erlbaum AssociatesHilldale, New JerseyGoogle Scholar
  24. Oppermann, R., Thomas, C. G. 1996Supporting learning as an iterative process in a social contextLisboaPortugal150156Proceedings of the European Conference on Artificial Intelligence in EducationGoogle Scholar
  25. Oppermann, R., Specht, M. 2000A context-sensitive nomadic exhibition guideUKBristol127142Proceedings of the Second Symposium on Handheld and Ubiquituous ComputingGoogle Scholar
  26. Pazzani, M. J., Billsus, D. 1997Learning and revising user profiles: The identification of interesting web sitesMachine Learning27313331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Rich E.: 1989, Stereotypes and User Modeling. In: A. Kobsa, and W. Wahlster, (eds.): User Models in Dialog Systems, Springer-Verlag, pp. 35–51.Google Scholar
  28. Johnson, W. L., Rickel, J., Stiles, R., Munro, A. 1998Integrating pedagogical agents into virtual environmentsPresence7523546Google Scholar
  29. Salber, D., Dey, A. K., Abowd, G. D. 1999The context toolkit: Aiding the development of context-enabled-applicationsPittsburghPA434441Proceedings of the 1999 Conference on Human Factor in Computing SystemsGoogle Scholar
  30. Schilit, B. N.: 1995, System architecture for context-aware mobile computing. Ph.D. Thesis, Columbia University.Google Scholar
  31. Schilit, B. N., Adams, N. I., Want, R. 1994Context-Aware computing applicationsSanta CruzCA8590Proceedings of the Workshop on Mobile Computing Systems and ApplicationsGoogle Scholar
  32. Schmidt, A. 2002Ubiquitous computing in contextLancaster UniversityUKPh.D. ThesisGoogle Scholar
  33. Unnützer, P. 2001LISTEN Kunstmuseum BonnKUNSTFORUM International155469470Google Scholar
  34. Weiser, M. 1991The Computer for the twenty-first-centuryScientific American26594104Google Scholar
  35. Weiser, M. 1994The world is not a desktopInteractions178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wulf, V. 2000Exploration environments: supporting users to learn groupware are functionsInteracting with Computer13265299CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Zimmermann, A., Lorenz, A., Specht, M. 2002Reasoning from contextsHannoverGermany114120Proceedings of the 10th Workshop on Adaptivity and User modeling in Interactive SystemsGoogle Scholar
  38. Zimmermann, A., Lorenz, A. 2003Listen: Contextualized presentation for audio-augmented environmentsKarlsruheGermany351357Proceedings of the 11th Workshop on Adaptivity and User Modeling in Interactive SystemsGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andreas Zimmermann
    • 1
  • Marcus Specht
    • 1
  • Andreas Lorenz
    • 1
  1. 1.Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Information TechnologySankt AugustinGermany

Personalised recommendations