Predictors of surgical complications and evaluation of outcomes after surgical correction of adult-acquired buried penis
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To determine predictors for surgical complications and assess patient satisfaction after surgical treatment of Adult-Acquired Buried Penis (AABP).
A retrospective review was performed on all patients diagnosed with AABP who underwent surgical treatment at a single institution from January 2013-December 2017. Patient demographics and peri-operative data were extracted. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses were performed to identify predictors for surgical complications. Patients’ post-operative satisfaction was likewise assessed for factors such as successful outcome, post-operative erection quality, and complications related to the surgery.
Twenty-four patients of median age 61.5 years (IQR 54–67) with median follow-up of 12 months (IQR 3.25–29) were included. Overall success was 87.5% (21/24). Complications occurred in 15 (62.5%) patients with 7 (29%) Clavien–Dindo category ≥ 3. Based on regression analyses, body mass index (BMI) ≥ 40 (HR 25; 95% CI 1.45–431.81) and tobacco smoking (HR 14.6; 95% CI 1.15–199.98) were identified as independent predictors of overall complications. Concomitant performance of abdominal panniculectomy was associated with Clavien–Dindo category ≥ 3 (HR 28; 95% CI 2.4–326.74) complications. Patient satisfaction was associated with surgical success (p < 0.0001), post-operative erection (p < 0.027), and absence of surgical morbidity that needed further surgical intervention (p = 0.032).
Surgical management of AABP following an individualized algorithm results in a high success rate but also in relatively high procedure-related morbidity. Peri-operative BMI ≥ 40 and tobacco smoking have higher odds for overall complication occurrence, while concomitant abdominal panniculectomy results in more occurrence of Clavien–Dindo category ≥ 3 morbidities. Patient’s eventual satisfaction correlates well with surgical success, post-procedural erection condition, and lack of Clavien–Dindo ≥ 3 morbidity.
KeywordsAdult-acquired buried penis Complication Satisfaction Predictors Smoking
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors have no conflict of interest.
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